We report metal-free electrocatalysts to enhance utilization of dissolved and gaseous oxygen during oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Proper balance between hydrophobicity and hydrophilicity is achieved using reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and polyelectrolyte functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (pMWNTs). In this unique architecture, both two- and three-phase reactions in ORR can be maximized with a quasi-four-electron pathway.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)