The number of vehicles involved in a traffic accident can be representative of the severity of the accident and provide profound insight into the diverse factors affecting severity, which cannot be identified through the victim fatality rate. This paper presents an analysis and comparison between the effects of factors affecting injury severity and the number of involved vehicles. In this study, a latent class model was used to investigate the unobserved heterogeneity of the accident factors. Freeway facility types are latent factors that affect the heterogeneity of the effects of accident factors. The class mainly including accidents at the freeway mainline sections included more injury/fatal accidents and multiple-vehicle accidents and more significant accident factor estimation results than the other class including accidents at the tollgates or ramps. Among these factors, night-time, faults made by the driver, and heavy vehicle accidents were found to increase the accident severity. Investigating accident factors affecting both the injury severity and number of involved vehicles is important as the number of people who are injured or dead is likely to increase when multiple vehicles are involved in the accident.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Safety Research
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health