Factors Associated with Differences in the Initial Location of Structural Progression in Normal Tension Glaucoma

Sang Yeop Lee, Heon Yang, Kwanghyun Lee, Gong Je Seong, Chan Yun Kim, Hyoung Won Bae

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Précis: Different clinical factors are associated with the location of the first structural progression in glaucoma. Purpose: To investigate the underlying clinical parameters affecting the location of the initial structural progression of glaucoma in patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Methods: This retrospective study included 228 eyes of 228 patients with NTG. In total, 130 eyes of 130 patients demonstrated structural progression (as determined by event-based guided progression analysis using Cirrus HD-OCT) in the peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (ppRNFL) or macular ganglion cell inner plexiform layer (mGCIPL). Depending on where the progression occurred first, it was defined as either ppRNFL first progression or mGCIPL first progression. Clinical parameters associated with each first progression were identified using logistic regression. Results: In total, 50 eyes showed ppRNFL first progression and 64 eyes showed mGCIPL first progression. ppRNFL first progression was significantly associated with female sex (odds ratio [OR]=5.705, P=0.015), lack of systemic hypertension (OR=0.199, P=0.014), disc haemorrhage (OR=4.188, P=0.029), higher mean intraocular pressure (IOP; OR=1.300, P=0.03), and lower pattern standard deviation (OR=0.784, P=0.028). In contrast, male sex (OR=0.450, P=0.043), lower central corneal thickness (OR=0.987, P=0.032), higher IOP fluctuation (OR=1.753, P=0.047), lower systolic blood pressure fluctuation (OR=0.839, P=0.002), and higher diastolic blood pressure fluctuation (OR=1.208, P=0.015) were significantly associated with mGCIPL first progression. Conclusions: Different clinical factors were associated with the initial site of structural glaucoma progression in patients with NTG depending on its peripapillary or macular location, and these findings suggest possible differences in underlying mechanisms of glaucoma damage.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Glaucoma
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology


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