Purpose To develop a B1+ mapping during the transient phase of balanced steady state free precession (bSSFP) imaging which can be used for subsequent B1+ inhomogeneity compensation. Methods Two images with different flip angles (FA) are acquired using single-shot spiral technique during the transient phase of bSSFP with three consecutive RF pulses and balanced gradients. Under the assumptions that the transmit (B1+) field varies slowly in spatial domain and T1 and T2 relaxation effects are negligible during 2·TR, B1+ was estimated using the two magnitude images and bSSFP data was sequentially acquired. B1+ estimation error due to the assumptions and other factors such as FA and off-resonance were assessed using Bloch simulation. Phantom and in vivo experiments were performed with α-2α-3α scheme. Results The simulation results indicated that the proposed method was less sensitive to T1 relaxation and B1+ mapping FA (α) of approximately 60° produced minimum estimation error. The B1+-induced intensity variation was reduced with the proposed method in the phantom experiment. For both the phantom and in vivo experiments, the estimated B1+ map showed comparable to the conventional B1+ map using spin-echo DAM. Conclusion B1+ map was estimated during the transient phase of bSSFP and subsequently compensated bSSFP images. There was no scan time increment and hence the technique can be used in a prescan manner for B1+ mapping or shimming.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning ( NRF-2016R1A2B3016273 ).
© 2017 Elsevier Inc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging