Fast pyrolysis of empty fruit bunch from palm mill plants to produce bio-oil using a fluidized bed reactor

Jang Soo Lee, Heung Min Yoo, Won Seok Yang, Yong Chil Seo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In the palm oil industry, palm fresh fruit bunch (FFB) is used to make crude palm oil. During the oil manufacturing process, palm empty fruit bunch (EFB), which accounts for more than 20 wt. % of FFB, is generated as a byproduct. Hence, if a robust conversion method is found, EFB will be an appealing renewable energy source. In this study, the fast pyrolysis of EFB was conducted in a lab-scale (throughput = 1 kg/hr) bubbling fluidized bed reactor at temperatures ranging from 400°C to 650°C. The characteristics of EFB were investigated. The yield of products such as oil, gas, and char at different temperatures and residence times were experimented to obtain proper operating conditions to get higher bio-oil yield. The removal of alkali and alkaline species and ash from biomass by washing to achieve more oil yield was also tested. The highest bio-oil yield of fast pyrolysis at a bubbling fluidized bed reactor showed 48 wt. % at approximately 500°C when used and only EFB treated by tap water.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAir and Waste Management Association - International Conference on Thermal Treatment Technologies and Hazardous Waste Combustors 2015, IT3 2015
PublisherAir and Waste Management Association
Pages314-322
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781510820036
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1
EventInternational Conference on Thermal Treatment Technologies and Hazardous Waste Combustors 2015, IT3 2015 - Houston, United States
Duration: 2015 Oct 202015 Oct 22

Other

OtherInternational Conference on Thermal Treatment Technologies and Hazardous Waste Combustors 2015, IT3 2015
CountryUnited States
CityHouston
Period15/10/2015/10/22

Fingerprint

Fruits
Fluidized beds
pyrolysis
mill
Pyrolysis
fruit
oil
Palm oil
Ashes
Gas oils
Oils
reactor
oil industry
Washing
crude oil
Byproducts
residence time
Biomass
ash
manufacturing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

Cite this

Lee, J. S., Yoo, H. M., Yang, W. S., & Seo, Y. C. (2015). Fast pyrolysis of empty fruit bunch from palm mill plants to produce bio-oil using a fluidized bed reactor. In Air and Waste Management Association - International Conference on Thermal Treatment Technologies and Hazardous Waste Combustors 2015, IT3 2015 (pp. 314-322). Air and Waste Management Association.
Lee, Jang Soo ; Yoo, Heung Min ; Yang, Won Seok ; Seo, Yong Chil. / Fast pyrolysis of empty fruit bunch from palm mill plants to produce bio-oil using a fluidized bed reactor. Air and Waste Management Association - International Conference on Thermal Treatment Technologies and Hazardous Waste Combustors 2015, IT3 2015. Air and Waste Management Association, 2015. pp. 314-322
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abstract = "In the palm oil industry, palm fresh fruit bunch (FFB) is used to make crude palm oil. During the oil manufacturing process, palm empty fruit bunch (EFB), which accounts for more than 20 wt. {\%} of FFB, is generated as a byproduct. Hence, if a robust conversion method is found, EFB will be an appealing renewable energy source. In this study, the fast pyrolysis of EFB was conducted in a lab-scale (throughput = 1 kg/hr) bubbling fluidized bed reactor at temperatures ranging from 400°C to 650°C. The characteristics of EFB were investigated. The yield of products such as oil, gas, and char at different temperatures and residence times were experimented to obtain proper operating conditions to get higher bio-oil yield. The removal of alkali and alkaline species and ash from biomass by washing to achieve more oil yield was also tested. The highest bio-oil yield of fast pyrolysis at a bubbling fluidized bed reactor showed 48 wt. {\%} at approximately 500°C when used and only EFB treated by tap water.",
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Lee, JS, Yoo, HM, Yang, WS & Seo, YC 2015, Fast pyrolysis of empty fruit bunch from palm mill plants to produce bio-oil using a fluidized bed reactor. in Air and Waste Management Association - International Conference on Thermal Treatment Technologies and Hazardous Waste Combustors 2015, IT3 2015. Air and Waste Management Association, pp. 314-322, International Conference on Thermal Treatment Technologies and Hazardous Waste Combustors 2015, IT3 2015, Houston, United States, 15/10/20.

Fast pyrolysis of empty fruit bunch from palm mill plants to produce bio-oil using a fluidized bed reactor. / Lee, Jang Soo; Yoo, Heung Min; Yang, Won Seok; Seo, Yong Chil.

Air and Waste Management Association - International Conference on Thermal Treatment Technologies and Hazardous Waste Combustors 2015, IT3 2015. Air and Waste Management Association, 2015. p. 314-322.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - In the palm oil industry, palm fresh fruit bunch (FFB) is used to make crude palm oil. During the oil manufacturing process, palm empty fruit bunch (EFB), which accounts for more than 20 wt. % of FFB, is generated as a byproduct. Hence, if a robust conversion method is found, EFB will be an appealing renewable energy source. In this study, the fast pyrolysis of EFB was conducted in a lab-scale (throughput = 1 kg/hr) bubbling fluidized bed reactor at temperatures ranging from 400°C to 650°C. The characteristics of EFB were investigated. The yield of products such as oil, gas, and char at different temperatures and residence times were experimented to obtain proper operating conditions to get higher bio-oil yield. The removal of alkali and alkaline species and ash from biomass by washing to achieve more oil yield was also tested. The highest bio-oil yield of fast pyrolysis at a bubbling fluidized bed reactor showed 48 wt. % at approximately 500°C when used and only EFB treated by tap water.

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Lee JS, Yoo HM, Yang WS, Seo YC. Fast pyrolysis of empty fruit bunch from palm mill plants to produce bio-oil using a fluidized bed reactor. In Air and Waste Management Association - International Conference on Thermal Treatment Technologies and Hazardous Waste Combustors 2015, IT3 2015. Air and Waste Management Association. 2015. p. 314-322