Background: We investigated the relationship between fatty acid desaturase (FADS) gene polymorphisms and insulin resistance (IR) in association with serum phospholipid polyunsaturated fatty acid (FA) composition in healthy Korean men. Methods. Healthy men (n = 576, 30 ∼ 79 years old) were genotyped for rs174537 near FADS1 (FEN1-10154G>T), FADS2 (rs174575C>G, rs2727270C>T), and FADS3 (rs1000778C>T) SNPs. Dietary intake, serum phospholipid FA composition and HOMA-IR were measured. Results: Fasting insulin and HOMA-IR were significantly higher in the rs174575G allele carriers than the CC homozygotes, but lower in the rs2727270T allele carriers than the CC homozygotes. The proportion of linoleic acid (18:2-6, LA) was higher in the minor allele carriers of FEN1-10154G>T, rs174575C>G and rs2727270C>T than the major homozygotes, respectively. On the other hand, the proportions of dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (20:3-6, DGLA) and arachidonic acid (20:4ω-6, AA) in serum phospholipids were significantly lower in the minor allele carriers of FEN1-10154 G>T carriers and rs2727270C>T than the major homozygotes respectively. AA was also significantly lower in the rs1000778T allele carriers than the CC homozygotes. HOMA-IR positively correlated with LA and DGLA and negatively with AA/DGLA in total subjects. Interestingly, rs174575G allele carriers showed remarkably higher HOMA-IR than the CC homozygotes when subjects had higher proportions of DLGA (≥1.412% in total serum phospholipid FA composition) (P for interaction = 0.009) or of AA (≥4.573%) (P for interaction = 0.047). Conclusion: HOMA-IR is associated with FADS gene cluster as well as with FA composition in serum phospholipids. Additionally, HOMA-IR may be modulated by the interaction between rs174575C>G and the proportion of DGLA or AA in serum phospholipids.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank the research volunteers who participated in the studies described in this report. We also thank the researchers at DNA Link Ltd. for their technical help in DNA extraction and genotyping. Financial support This work was supported by the National Research Foundation, Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (Mid-career Researcher Program: 2010-0015017, 2010-0011003, M10642120002-06N4212-00210 and C00048), Republic of Korea.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics