Recent studies reported favorable angiographic and clinical outcomes after everolimus-eluting stent (EES) implantation. However, there were no studies to assess vascular responses after EES implantation using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Therefore, the OCT findings in EES were investigated and compared with those in sirolimuseluting stent (SES). Follow-up OCT studies were performed in 110 lesions (40 EES and 70 SES) of 104 patients at 9 months after stent implantation. The strut apposition, neointimal hyperplasia (NIH) thickness and stent coverage on each stent struts were evaluated. The mean NIH thickness was significantly greater in EES-treated lesions than in SES-treated lesions (115 ± 52 lm vs. 89 ± 58 lm, P = 0.001, respectively). The percentage of uncovered strut was significantly smaller in EES-treated lesions than in SES-treated lesions (4.4 ± 4.7% vs. 10.5 ± 12.7%, P = 0.016, respectively). There was no significant difference in the percentage of malapposed strut between the two groups (0.4 ± 0.8% in EES vs. 1.7 ± 4.5% in SES, P = 0.344). The incidence of intracoronary thrombus was significantly lower in EES-treated lesions than in SES-treated lesions (5.0% vs. 34.3%, P < 0.001, respectively). EES showed a significantly lower incidence of uncovered stent struts and intracoronary thrombus than SES in 9-month follow-up OCT examination. Compared to SES, EES might have more favorable vascular responses after stent implantation.
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Acknowledgments This study was partly supported by grants from the Korea Healthcare Technology R&D Project, Ministry for Health, Welfare & Family Affairs, Republic of Korea (No. A085012 and A102064), the Korea Health 21 R&D Project, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (No. A085136), and the Cardiovascular Research Center, Seoul, Korea.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine