Feasibility of replacing minimum shear reinforcement with steel fibers for sustainable high-strength concrete beams

Doo Yeol Yoo, Tianfeng Yuan, Jun Mo Yang, Young Soo Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


This study aims to investigate the feasibility of eliminating the minimum shear reinforcement in reinforced sustainable high-strength concrete (HSC) beams by incorporating 0.75% (by volume) of hooked steel fibers. To do this, five large reinforced HSC beams, with and without stirrups and steel fibers, were fabricated and tested. In order to have minimum shear reinforcement, the reinforced HSC beams were designed with longitudinal steel bar ratios of 0.64–0.72%. Test results indicate that the use of 0.75 vol% of steel fibers (instead of stirrups) leads to higher flexural strength but lower ultimate deflection and ductility. The failure mode of lightly-reinforced HSC beams was transformed from concrete crushing to longitudinal steel bar rupture by including the steel fibers. However, both the reinforced HSC and steel-fiber-reinforced concrete (SFRC) beams exhibited flexural failure modes; as a result, it was concluded that the minimum shear reinforcement for reinforced HSC beams can be efficiently eliminated by including 0.75 vol% of hooked steel fibers. In addition, the flexural behavior of reinforced SFRC beams was successfully simulated based on sectional analysis by considering fiber orientation factor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-222
Number of pages16
JournalEngineering Structures
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sept 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a grant (13SCIPA01) from Smart Civil Infrastructure Research Program funded by Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (MOLIT) of Korea government and Korea Agency for Infrastructure Technology Advancement (KAIA).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Feasibility of replacing minimum shear reinforcement with steel fibers for sustainable high-strength concrete beams'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this