Biohydrogen production from lignocellulosic biomass (LCB) is an active research area. Several workers have tested a number of substrates under different operational conditions and brought forward the many positive process performance features and identified the main sources of inhibition. This review analyzes selected fermentative biohydrogen production processes by revisiting the core biohydrogen production performances in terms of gas production rates and yields and equally addresses the options for process enhancement by the application of through pretreatment methods and detoxification of process inhibitors. In addition, the issues related to continuous biohydrogen operation in different reactor configurations are highlighted. Lastly, future avenues of research which may be engendered and engineered to enhance the biohydrogen generation and process biokinetics are discussed. This review intends to provide the fundamental understanding of biohydrogen production and provides a perspective on future developments in this area of applied research.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment