Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2), the potent bone anabolic agent, regulates the bone development, as well as the growth, remodeling and healing of the fracture. The intracellular signaling of FGF2 leads to activation of genes involved in cell proliferation, migration, differentiation and survival. However, little is known about FGF2-regulated proteins in the osteoblasts. Therefore, in this study, protein profiling in FGF2-treated MC3T3-E1 preosteoblast cells was evaluated using proteomic technologies. Six proteins including asparaginyl-tRNA synthetase (NARS), eukaryotic translation termination factor 1 (ETF1), GDP-forming succinyl-CoA synthetase (SUCLG2), heat shock protein 84 (HSP 84), sorting nexin 9 (SNX9) and α glucosidase 2α neutral subunit (GANAB) were increased more than 3-fold after the FGF2 treatment. Also, two proteins including β-tropomyosin and tropomyosin 2 were decreased to 2-folds. Among these proteins, asparaginyl-tRNA synthetase (NARS), a member of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (AARS), was strikingly up-regulated more than 900-fold. The overexpression of NARS significantly increased the proliferation of both the MC3T3-E1 and the primary mouse calvarial cells. In contrast, significant reduction of the basal expression of NARS by siNARS remarkably suppressed the proliferation and induced the death of cell. After the siNARS treatment, the resistance to apoptosis induced by serum deprivation was also significantly reduced. The level of p-Akt was also reduced and the activity of caspase 3 significantly enhanced. In addition, NARS-induced protection against apoptosis was abolished by the treatment of PI3K inhibitors, wortmannin and LY294002. In conclusion, we suggest that NARS is one of the important mediators of FGF2 induced survival signaling in osteoblasts through the activation of PI3K/Akt survival pathway.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the grant 03-PJ10-PG6-GP01-0002 from the Korea Health 21 R and D Project, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea and Brain Korea 21 Project for Medical Science, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. We would also like to thank Ms. Sydney Kim for editing this manuscript.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism