An experimental study has been conducted to measure the local film-cooling effectiveness and the heat transfer coefficient for a single row of rectangular-shaped holes. The holes have a 35° inclination angle with 3 hole diameter spacing of rectangular cross-sections. Four different cooling hole shapes such as a straight rectangular hole, a rectangular hole with laterally expanded exit, a circular hole and a two-dimensional slot are tested. The rectangular cross-section has the aspect ratio of 2 at the hole inlet with the hydraulic diameter of 10 mm. The area ratio of the exit to the hole inlet is 1.8 for the rectangular hole with expanded exit, which is similar to a two-dimensional slot. A thermochromic liquid crystals technique is applied to determine adiabatic film cooling effectiveness values and heat transfer coefficients on the test surface. Both film cooling effectiveness and heat transfer coefficient are measured for various blowing rates and compared with the results of the cylindrical holes and the two-dimensional slot. The flow patterns inside and downstream of holes are calculated numerically by a commercial package. The results show that the rectangular holes provide better performance than the cylindrical holes. For the rectangular holes with laterally expanded exit, the penetration of jet is reduced significantly, and the higher and more uniform cooling performance is obtained even at relatively high blowing rates. The reason is that the rectangular hole with expanded exit reduces momentum of coolant and promotes the lateral spreading like a two-dimensional slot.
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
|Event||ASME TURBO EXPO 2002:Heat Transfer, Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy - Amsterdam, Netherlands|
Duration: 2002 Jun 3 → 2002 Jun 6
|Other||ASME TURBO EXPO 2002:Heat Transfer, Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy|
|Period||02/6/3 → 02/6/6|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes