The design of a novel low-noise high-force linear motor for precision positioning applications, such as in semiconductor lithography, is presented in this paper. New magnetic designs achieve low noise and vibration by reducing high spatial-frequency magnetic field components, which cause harmonic vibrations of a moving stage. To reduce such force harmonic content, our new motor has fine teeth, narrow slots with high slot aspect ratio, five phases, and a moving skewed Halbach magnet array. As compared with a commercially available iron-core motor, in our new design, the acoustic noise level in Pascals is reduced by more than 90%, corresponding to a 20 dB reduction in sound pressure level, even with a nonskewed magnet array. Using a skewed magnet array, the cogging-driven and velocity-dependent noise is further reduced by 90% in Pascals. This new linear motor simultaneously is capable of very high shear force densities in order to support high-acceleration motions, and thus provides new options for high-performance and quiet linear motion devices.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering