Finite element analysis of maxillary incisor displacement during en-masse retraction according to orthodontic mini-implant position

Jae Won Song, Joong Ki Lim, Kee Joon Lee, Sang Jin Sung, Youn Sic Chun, Sung Seo Mo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Orthodontic mini-implants (OMI) generate various horizontal and vertical force vectors and moments according to their insertion positions. This study aimed to help select ideal biomechanics during maxillary incisor retraction by varying the length in the anterior retraction hook (ARH) and OMI position. Methods: Two extraction models were constructed to analyze the three-dimentional finite element: a first premolar extraction model (Model 1, M1) and a residual 1-mm space post-extraction model (Model 2, M2). The OMI position was set at a height of 8 mm from the arch wire between the second maxillary premolar and the first molar (low OMI traction) or at a 12-mm height in the mesial second maxillary premolar (high OMI traction). Retraction force vectors of 200 g from the ARH (−1, +1, +3, and +6 mm) at low or high OMI traction were resolved into X-, Y-, and Z-axis components. Results: In M1 (low and high OMI traction) and M2 (low OMI traction), the maxillary incisor tip was extruded, but the apex was intruded, and the occlusal plane was rotated clockwise. Significant intrusion and counter-clockwise rotation in the occlusal plane were observed under high OMI traction and −1 mm ARH in M2. Conclusions: This study observed orthodontic tooth movement according to the OMI position and ARH height, and M2 under high OMI traction with short ARH showed retraction with maxillary incisor intrusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-252
Number of pages11
JournalKorean Journal of Orthodontics
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul

Fingerprint

Finite Element Analysis
Incisor
Orthodontics
Traction
Bicuspid
Dental Occlusion
Tooth Movement Techniques
Biomechanical Phenomena

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthodontics

Cite this

Song, Jae Won ; Lim, Joong Ki ; Lee, Kee Joon ; Sung, Sang Jin ; Chun, Youn Sic ; Mo, Sung Seo. / Finite element analysis of maxillary incisor displacement during en-masse retraction according to orthodontic mini-implant position. In: Korean Journal of Orthodontics. 2016 ; Vol. 46, No. 4. pp. 242-252.
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abstract = "Objective: Orthodontic mini-implants (OMI) generate various horizontal and vertical force vectors and moments according to their insertion positions. This study aimed to help select ideal biomechanics during maxillary incisor retraction by varying the length in the anterior retraction hook (ARH) and OMI position. Methods: Two extraction models were constructed to analyze the three-dimentional finite element: a first premolar extraction model (Model 1, M1) and a residual 1-mm space post-extraction model (Model 2, M2). The OMI position was set at a height of 8 mm from the arch wire between the second maxillary premolar and the first molar (low OMI traction) or at a 12-mm height in the mesial second maxillary premolar (high OMI traction). Retraction force vectors of 200 g from the ARH (−1, +1, +3, and +6 mm) at low or high OMI traction were resolved into X-, Y-, and Z-axis components. Results: In M1 (low and high OMI traction) and M2 (low OMI traction), the maxillary incisor tip was extruded, but the apex was intruded, and the occlusal plane was rotated clockwise. Significant intrusion and counter-clockwise rotation in the occlusal plane were observed under high OMI traction and −1 mm ARH in M2. Conclusions: This study observed orthodontic tooth movement according to the OMI position and ARH height, and M2 under high OMI traction with short ARH showed retraction with maxillary incisor intrusion.",
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Finite element analysis of maxillary incisor displacement during en-masse retraction according to orthodontic mini-implant position. / Song, Jae Won; Lim, Joong Ki; Lee, Kee Joon; Sung, Sang Jin; Chun, Youn Sic; Mo, Sung Seo.

In: Korean Journal of Orthodontics, Vol. 46, No. 4, 07.2016, p. 242-252.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Finite element analysis of maxillary incisor displacement during en-masse retraction according to orthodontic mini-implant position

AU - Song, Jae Won

AU - Lim, Joong Ki

AU - Lee, Kee Joon

AU - Sung, Sang Jin

AU - Chun, Youn Sic

AU - Mo, Sung Seo

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N2 - Objective: Orthodontic mini-implants (OMI) generate various horizontal and vertical force vectors and moments according to their insertion positions. This study aimed to help select ideal biomechanics during maxillary incisor retraction by varying the length in the anterior retraction hook (ARH) and OMI position. Methods: Two extraction models were constructed to analyze the three-dimentional finite element: a first premolar extraction model (Model 1, M1) and a residual 1-mm space post-extraction model (Model 2, M2). The OMI position was set at a height of 8 mm from the arch wire between the second maxillary premolar and the first molar (low OMI traction) or at a 12-mm height in the mesial second maxillary premolar (high OMI traction). Retraction force vectors of 200 g from the ARH (−1, +1, +3, and +6 mm) at low or high OMI traction were resolved into X-, Y-, and Z-axis components. Results: In M1 (low and high OMI traction) and M2 (low OMI traction), the maxillary incisor tip was extruded, but the apex was intruded, and the occlusal plane was rotated clockwise. Significant intrusion and counter-clockwise rotation in the occlusal plane were observed under high OMI traction and −1 mm ARH in M2. Conclusions: This study observed orthodontic tooth movement according to the OMI position and ARH height, and M2 under high OMI traction with short ARH showed retraction with maxillary incisor intrusion.

AB - Objective: Orthodontic mini-implants (OMI) generate various horizontal and vertical force vectors and moments according to their insertion positions. This study aimed to help select ideal biomechanics during maxillary incisor retraction by varying the length in the anterior retraction hook (ARH) and OMI position. Methods: Two extraction models were constructed to analyze the three-dimentional finite element: a first premolar extraction model (Model 1, M1) and a residual 1-mm space post-extraction model (Model 2, M2). The OMI position was set at a height of 8 mm from the arch wire between the second maxillary premolar and the first molar (low OMI traction) or at a 12-mm height in the mesial second maxillary premolar (high OMI traction). Retraction force vectors of 200 g from the ARH (−1, +1, +3, and +6 mm) at low or high OMI traction were resolved into X-, Y-, and Z-axis components. Results: In M1 (low and high OMI traction) and M2 (low OMI traction), the maxillary incisor tip was extruded, but the apex was intruded, and the occlusal plane was rotated clockwise. Significant intrusion and counter-clockwise rotation in the occlusal plane were observed under high OMI traction and −1 mm ARH in M2. Conclusions: This study observed orthodontic tooth movement according to the OMI position and ARH height, and M2 under high OMI traction with short ARH showed retraction with maxillary incisor intrusion.

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