We present the hydrogen sensing performance of individual Pd nanowires grown by electrodeposition into nanochannels of anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) templates investigated as a function of the nanowire diameter. Four-terminal devices based on individual Pd nanowires were found to successfully detect hydrogen gas (H2). Our experimental results show that the H 2 sensing sensitivity increases and the response time decreases with decreasing diameter of Pd nanowires with d = 400, 200, 80 and 20 nm, due to the high surface-to-volume ratio and short diffusion paths, respectively. This is in qualitatively good agreement with simulated results obtained from a theoretical model based on a combination of the rate equation and diffusion equation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering