Finite-temperature QCD sum rules reexamined: ϱ, ω and A1 mesons

Tetsuo Hatsuda, Yuji Koike, Houng Lee Su Houng Lee

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251 Citations (Scopus)


A new formulation of QCD sum rules at finite temperature (T) is developed. Because of the factorization in the operator product expansion, all the soft dynamics including the effect of finite T in the hadronic phase is taken into account in the thermal average of local operators 〈¢O〉T. Unlike for the T = 0 case, 〈¢O〉T has non-vanishing values for the Lorentz non-scalar operators such as vγμDvq. On the basis of the observation that the finite-temperature medium can be well approximated by a dilute (non-interacting) pion gas at low T, one can make a sensible estimate of the T-dependence of various condensates, where the current algebra and the experimental information of the pion structure functions turn out to be a useful guide. We applied this method to the light vector mesons (ρ{variant}, ω and A1) and found that the change of the four-quark condensate at T ≠ 0 is crucial to the change of meson properties. The lepton pair production rate from the hot hadronic medium near the ρ{variant}-resonance is calculated using the result of the sum rules. This has direct relevance to the detection of the lepton pairs in future projects of the ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions such as RHIC and LHC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-264
Number of pages44
JournalNuclear Physics, Section B
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Apr 5

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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