Ni-based catalysts are long known to be an efficient low-cost catalyst for the dry (or steam) reforming of methane. However, they are often plagued with the serious issue of carbon poisoning, eventually leading to the deactivation of Ni-based catalysts for this reaction. In order to provide an atomistic, electronic structure-based examination of Ni-based catalyst deactivation, we perform first-principles density-functional theory (DFT) calculations of chemisorbed carbon and other surface carbidic structures on Ni(0 0 1). This surface is the predominant surface of the nanocube catalysts engineered via shape-control synthesis for steam/dry reforming of methane. We calculate the chemical binding energy of carbon as a function of its surface coverage and we study the local chemical environment via its electronic structure to draw correlations between the thermodynamic (de)stability of these unwanted carbidic structures. In an attempt to mimic bond contraction at the surface of nanocatalysts, we report the influence of surface stress on our calculated values using a shape-dependent phenomenological bond contraction model.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge support from the Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (SAIT), Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., and this work is partially funded by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (NRF Grant No. 2011-8-0952 ). Computational resources have been provided by the Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information (KISTI) supercomputing center through the strategic support program for the supercomputing application research (KSC-2011-C2-39).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films