First-principles based phenomenological study of Ni nanocubes

The effects of nanostructuring on carbon poisoning of Ni(0 0 1) nanofacets

Renbo Zhao, Seung Jae Lee, In Hyuk Son, Hyunjoo Lee, Aloysius Soon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ni-based catalysts are long known to be an efficient low-cost catalyst for the dry (or steam) reforming of methane. However, they are often plagued with the serious issue of carbon poisoning, eventually leading to the deactivation of Ni-based catalysts for this reaction. In order to provide an atomistic, electronic structure-based examination of Ni-based catalyst deactivation, we perform first-principles density-functional theory (DFT) calculations of chemisorbed carbon and other surface carbidic structures on Ni(0 0 1). This surface is the predominant surface of the nanocube catalysts engineered via shape-control synthesis for steam/dry reforming of methane. We calculate the chemical binding energy of carbon as a function of its surface coverage and we study the local chemical environment via its electronic structure to draw correlations between the thermodynamic (de)stability of these unwanted carbidic structures. In an attempt to mimic bond contraction at the surface of nanocatalysts, we report the influence of surface stress on our calculated values using a shape-dependent phenomenological bond contraction model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-345
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume265
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 15

Fingerprint

Carbon
Catalysts
Methane
Electronic structure
Catalyst deactivation
Steam reforming
Steam
Reforming reactions
Binding energy
Density functional theory
Thermodynamics
Costs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

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abstract = "Ni-based catalysts are long known to be an efficient low-cost catalyst for the dry (or steam) reforming of methane. However, they are often plagued with the serious issue of carbon poisoning, eventually leading to the deactivation of Ni-based catalysts for this reaction. In order to provide an atomistic, electronic structure-based examination of Ni-based catalyst deactivation, we perform first-principles density-functional theory (DFT) calculations of chemisorbed carbon and other surface carbidic structures on Ni(0 0 1). This surface is the predominant surface of the nanocube catalysts engineered via shape-control synthesis for steam/dry reforming of methane. We calculate the chemical binding energy of carbon as a function of its surface coverage and we study the local chemical environment via its electronic structure to draw correlations between the thermodynamic (de)stability of these unwanted carbidic structures. In an attempt to mimic bond contraction at the surface of nanocatalysts, we report the influence of surface stress on our calculated values using a shape-dependent phenomenological bond contraction model.",
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First-principles based phenomenological study of Ni nanocubes : The effects of nanostructuring on carbon poisoning of Ni(0 0 1) nanofacets. / Zhao, Renbo; Lee, Seung Jae; Son, In Hyuk; Lee, Hyunjoo; Soon, Aloysius.

In: Applied Surface Science, Vol. 265, 15.01.2013, p. 339-345.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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