First-principles study on thermodynamic stability of UO2 with He gas incorporation via alpha-decay

Choa Kwon, Kwanpyung Lee, Byungchan Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

− Using first principles calculations we investigated the thermomechanical stability of spent nuclear fuels (SNF), especially how mechanical properties of UO2, such as, bulk, shear and Young’s moduli and Poisson’s ratio vary through alpha-decay of U into Th with generation of He gas. Our results indicate that substitution of U by Th through alpha decay (U1-xThxO2) does not significantly affect the stability of the grain in a fuel matrix. In addition, we studied the transport properties of He in and boUndaries of the U1-xThxO2 grain. Helium preferentially resides at the grain boUndaries through diffusion. Our study can contribute to substantial reduction of environmentally risk and enhancement of our sustainability by safe control of radioactive materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)368-371
Number of pages4
JournalKorean Chemical Engineering Research
Volume57
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Thermodynamic stability
Elastic moduli
Gases
Radioactive materials
Helium
Spent fuels
Nuclear fuels
Poisson ratio
Transport properties
Sustainable development
Grain boundaries
Substitution reactions
Mechanical properties

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "− Using first principles calculations we investigated the thermomechanical stability of spent nuclear fuels (SNF), especially how mechanical properties of UO2, such as, bulk, shear and Young’s moduli and Poisson’s ratio vary through alpha-decay of U into Th with generation of He gas. Our results indicate that substitution of U by Th through alpha decay (U1-xThxO2) does not significantly affect the stability of the grain in a fuel matrix. In addition, we studied the transport properties of He in and boUndaries of the U1-xThxO2 grain. Helium preferentially resides at the grain boUndaries through diffusion. Our study can contribute to substantial reduction of environmentally risk and enhancement of our sustainability by safe control of radioactive materials.",
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First-principles study on thermodynamic stability of UO2 with He gas incorporation via alpha-decay. / Kwon, Choa; Lee, Kwanpyung; Han, Byungchan.

In: Korean Chemical Engineering Research, Vol. 57, No. 3, 01.01.2019, p. 368-371.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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