First-principles study on thermodynamic stability of UO2 with He gas incorporation via alpha-decay

Choa Kwon, Kwanpyung Lee, Byungchan Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


− Using first principles calculations we investigated the thermomechanical stability of spent nuclear fuels (SNF), especially how mechanical properties of UO2, such as, bulk, shear and Young’s moduli and Poisson’s ratio vary through alpha-decay of U into Th with generation of He gas. Our results indicate that substitution of U by Th through alpha decay (U1-xThxO2) does not significantly affect the stability of the grain in a fuel matrix. In addition, we studied the transport properties of He in and boUndaries of the U1-xThxO2 grain. Helium preferentially resides at the grain boUndaries through diffusion. Our study can contribute to substantial reduction of environmentally risk and enhancement of our sustainability by safe control of radioactive materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)368-371
Number of pages4
JournalKorean Chemical Engineering Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The Nuclear R&D Program funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (2016M2B2B1945254) supported this research. This work was also supported by the Global Frontier Pro-gram through the Global Frontier Hybrid Interface Materials (GFHIM) (2013M3A6B1078882) funded by the Mistry of Science and ICT.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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