Flagellin-dependent TLR5/caveolin-1 as a promising immune activator in immunosenescence

Jae Sung Lim, Kim Cuc Thi Nguyen, Chung Truong Nguyen, Ik Soon Jang, Jung Min Han, Claire Fabian, Shee Eun Lee, Joon Haeng Rhee, Kyung A. Cho

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The age-associated decline of immune responses causes high susceptibility to infections and reduced vaccine efficacy in the elderly. However, the mechanisms underlying age-related deficits are unclear. Here, we found that the expression and signaling of flagellin (FlaB)-dependent Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5), unlike the other TLRs, were well maintained in old macrophages, similar to young macrophages. The expression and activation of TLR5/MyD88, but not TLR4, were sensitively regulated by the upregulation of caveolin-1 in old macrophages through direct interaction. This interaction was also confirmed using macrophages from caveolin-1 or MyD88 knockout mice. Because TLR5 and caveolin-1 were well expressed in major old tissues including lung, skin, intestine, and spleen, we analyzed in vivo immune responses via a vaccine platform with FlaB as a mucosal adjuvant for the pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA) against Streptococcus pneumoniae infection in young and aged mice. The FlaB-PspA fusion protein induced a significantly higher level of PspA-specific IgG and IgA responses and demonstrated a high protective efficacy against a lethal challenge with live S. pneumoniae in aged mice. These results suggest that caveolin-1/TLR5 signaling plays a key role in age-associated innate immune responses and that FlaB-PspA stimulation of TLR5 may be a new strategy for a mucosal vaccine adjuvant against pneumococcal infection in the elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)907-915
Number of pages9
JournalAging Cell
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ageing
  • Cell Biology

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    Lim, J. S., Nguyen, K. C. T., Nguyen, C. T., Jang, I. S., Han, J. M., Fabian, C., Lee, S. E., Rhee, J. H., & Cho, K. A. (2015). Flagellin-dependent TLR5/caveolin-1 as a promising immune activator in immunosenescence. Aging Cell, 14(5), 907-915. https://doi.org/10.1111/acel.12383