Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of flapless implant surgery on crestal bone loss and osseointegration in a canine mandible model. Study design: In 6 mongrel dogs, bilateral, edentulated, flat alveolar ridges were created in the mandible. After 3 months of healing, 2 implants in each side were placed by either flap or flapless procedures. After a healing period of 8 weeks, microcomputerized tomography at the implantation site was performed. Osseointegration was calculated as percentage of implant surface in contact with bone. Additionally, bone height was measured in the peri-implant bone. Results: The mean osseointegration was greater at flapless sites (70.4%) than at sites with flaps (59.5%) (P < .05). The mean peri-implant bone height was greater at flapless sites (10.1 mm) than at sites with flaps (9.0 mm) (P < .05). Conclusion: Flapless surgery can achieve results superior to surgery with reflected flaps. The specific improvements of this technique include enhanced osseointegration of dental implants and increased bone height.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology|
|Publication status||Published - 2007 Jul|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Oral Surgery