Flashshare: Punching through server storage stack from kernel to firmware for ultra-low latency SSDs

Jie Zhang, Miryeong Kwon, Donghyun Gouk, Sungjoon Koh, Changlim Lee, Mohammad Alian, Myoungjun Chun, Mahmut Taylan Kandemir, Nam Sung Kim, Jihong Kim, Myoungsoo Jung

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A modern datacenter server aims to achieve high energy efficiency by co-running multiple applications. Some of such applications (e.g., web search) are latency sensitive. Therefore, they require low-latency I/O services to fast respond to requests from clients. However, we observe that simply replacing the storage devices of servers with Ultra-Low-Latency (ULL) SSDs does not notably reduce the latency of I/O services, especially when co-running multiple applications. In this paper, we propose FLASHSHARE to assist ULL SSDs to satisfy different levels of I/O service latency requirements for different co-running applications. Specifically, FLASHSHARE is a holistic cross-stack approach, which can significantly reduce I/O interferences among co-running applications at a server without any change in applications. At the kernel-level, we extend the data structures of the storage stack to pass attributes of (co-running) applications through all the layers of the underlying storage stack spanning from the OS kernel to the SSD firmware. For given attributes, the block layer and NVMe driver of FLASHSHARE differently manage the I/O scheduler and interrupt handler of NVMe. We also enhance the NVMe controller and cache layer at the SSD firmware-level, by dynamically partitioning DRAM in the ULL SSD and adjusting its caching strategies to meet diverse user requirements. The evaluation results demonstrate that FLASHSHARE can shorten the average and 99th-percentile turnaround response times of co-running applications by 22% and 31%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 13th USENIX Symposium on Operating Systems Design and Implementation, OSDI 2018
PublisherUSENIX Association
Pages477-492
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781939133083
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Event13th USENIX Symposium on Operating Systems Design and Implementation, OSDI 2018 - Carlsbad, United States
Duration: 2018 Oct 82018 Oct 10

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 13th USENIX Symposium on Operating Systems Design and Implementation, OSDI 2018

Conference

Conference13th USENIX Symposium on Operating Systems Design and Implementation, OSDI 2018
CountryUnited States
CityCarlsbad
Period18/10/818/10/10

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank Steven Swanson of UCSD for shepherding their paper. This research is mainly supported by NRF 2016R1C1B2015312, DOE DEAC02-05CH11231, IITP-2018-2017-0-01015, NRF 2015M3C4A7065645, Yonsei Future Research Grant (2017-22-0105) and MemRay grant (2015-11-1731). The authors thank Sam-sungs Jaeheon Jeong, Jongyoul Lee, Se-Jeong Jang and JooYoung Hwang for their SSD sample donations. N.S. Kim is supported in part by grants from NSF CNS-1557244 and CNS-1705047. M. Kandemir is supported in part by grants by NSF grants 1822923, 1439021, 1629915, 1626251, 1629129, 1763681, 1526750 and 1439057. Myoungsoo Jung is the corresponding author.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture

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