Flexible electrochemical energy storage devices are gaining considerable interest for use in smart portable flexible electronic devices. Herein, a (Niobium nitride) NbN// Activated carbon (AC) flexible (bendable and twistable) solid-state lithium-ion hybrid capacitor (LIHC) enabled by a thin graphite-layer-coated adhesive tape-based flexible current collector is reported. NbN is synthesized by a solvothermal treatment of the niobium pentachloride (NbCl5) precursor and a subsequent nitridation treatment of the intermediate solvothermal product. Microscopic, spectroscopic, and X-ray studies signify the formation of porous 2D nanoflake units with a cubic crystalline phase, which aggregate to form microspheres. The NbN displays a high specific capacity of 347.73 mAh g−1 at 0.2 A g−1 with excellent cyclic stability (98.1% capacity retention after 10,000 cycles). The outstanding cyclic stability is clarified by the analysis of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The designed highly flexible LIHC with a high electrode mass loading of 280 mg cm−3 possesses a high capacitance of 2597 mF cm−3 at a current density of 60 mA cm−3. The device displays a high-energy density of 3.25 mWh cm−3, high power density of 254.2 mW cm−3, and excellent cyclic stability at 133 mA cm−3 (97.7% capacity retention after 10,000 cycles). Therefore, the designed flexible LIHC can be utilized for the development of smart flexible electronic devices.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) grant funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning ( NRF-2018M3A7B4071535 ), and the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education ( NRF-2019R1A6A1A11055660 ).
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering