Flexible and lightweight Fe3O4/polymer foam composites for microwave-absorption applications

Varsha D. Phadtare, Vinayak G. Parale, Kyu Yeon Lee, Taehee Kim, Vijaya R. Puri, Hyung Ho Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Lightweight and highly porous magnetic polymer foam (MPF) composites were synthesized using a simple, efficient, and environmentally friendly strategy. Their scaffold structure was well controlled using a surfactant and by varying the amount of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) added to the emulsion solution used in their preparation. The three-dimensional (3D) sponge-like MPFs are microwave-absorbing materials, and their structural and microstructural characteristics were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The magnetic properties of the MPF composites were also characterized. The polymer matrix of the composites exhibited excellent thermal stability. The microwave-absorbing properties of the MPF composites with increasing amounts of Fe3O4 NPs (5 wt%, 10 wt%, and 15 wt%) were systematically studied. The microwave absorption of the polymer foam was enhanced to as high as 82% with the addition of Fe3O4 NPs. Our results demonstrate that the prepared MPF composites have the potential to be used as lightweight, microwave-absorbing materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-129
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a ‘Korea-Africa Joint Research Programme’ grant funded by the Korea government (Ministry of Science, Technology & ICT: 2017K1A3A1A09085891 ) and the Creative Materials Discovery Program through the National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT ( 2018M3D1A1058536 ). This work was also supported by the third stage of the Brain Korea 21 Plus Project in 2018.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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