Lightweight and highly porous magnetic polymer foam (MPF) composites were synthesized using a simple, efficient, and environmentally friendly strategy. Their scaffold structure was well controlled using a surfactant and by varying the amount of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) added to the emulsion solution used in their preparation. The three-dimensional (3D) sponge-like MPFs are microwave-absorbing materials, and their structural and microstructural characteristics were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The magnetic properties of the MPF composites were also characterized. The polymer matrix of the composites exhibited excellent thermal stability. The microwave-absorbing properties of the MPF composites with increasing amounts of Fe3O4 NPs (5 wt%, 10 wt%, and 15 wt%) were systematically studied. The microwave absorption of the polymer foam was enhanced to as high as 82% with the addition of Fe3O4 NPs. Our results demonstrate that the prepared MPF composites have the potential to be used as lightweight, microwave-absorbing materials.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry