Two-dimensional (2D) nanosheets of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are of significant interest for potential photoelectronic applications. However, the fabrication of solution-processed arrays of mechanically flexible thin TMD films-based vertical type p-n junction photodetectors over a large area is a great challenge. Our method is based on controlled solvent evaporation of MoSe2 suspension spread on water surface. Single or few-layered MoSe2 nanosheets modified with the dispersant amine-terminated poly(styrene) (PS-NH2) were homogeneously deposited and stacked on water upon solvent evaporation, giving rise to uniform MoSe2/PS-NH2 composite films that can be readily transferred onto other substrates. A p-n junction vertical diode of Al/p-type Si/p-type poly(9,9-di-n-octylfluorenyl-2,7-diyl)/n-type MoSe2 composite/Au stacked from bottom to top exhibited characteristic rectifying current behavior upon voltage sweep with a rectification ratio of 103. Subsequent illumination of near-infrared light on the device resulted in a substantially enhanced dark current of approximately 103 times greater than that of the nonexposed device. The photodetection performance, that is, switching time, responsivity, and detectivity, were 100.0 ms, 2.5 AW-1, and 2.34 × 1014, respectively. Furthermore, the performance of mechanically flexible photodetectors devices was comparable with that of the devices fabricated on the hard Si substrate even after 1000 bending cycles at a bending diameter of 7.2 mm.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a grant from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Korean government (MEST) (2017R1A2A05001160, 2016M3A7B4910530, 2018M3D1A1058536). This material is based on work supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under award (Grant number: FA2386-16-1-4058) and Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE, Korea) under the industrial Technology Innovation Program (Grant number: 10063274).
© 2018 American Chemical Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)