Flexible wearable MXene Ti3C2-Based power patch running on sweat

Jayraj V. Vaghasiya, Carmen C. Mayorga-Martinez, Jan Vyskočil, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Flexible supercapacitors (FSCs) have received a lot of interest as portable power sources for wearable electronics. The biocompatibility of electrodes and electrolytes in wearable FSCs is important to consider although research into these topics is still in its early stages. In this work, we developed a wearable FSC that uses MXene Ti3C2 nanosheets and polypyrrole-carboxymethylcellulose nanospheres composite (Ti3C2@PPy-CMC) as the active electrode material and sweat as the electrolyte. The electrochemical performances of Ti3C2@PPy-CMC FSC were analyzed using an artificial sweat solution and exhibited excellent specific capacitance, power density, cycling stability, and bending stability. To demonstrate a real application of Ti3C2@PPy-CMC FSC, a sweat-chargeable FSC patch has been developed that can be applied directly to human clothing and skin to power a portable electronic gadget when the wearer is exercising. A comprehensive electrochemical study of the FSC patch was also conducted in various sweat secretion body regions such as the finger, foot sole, and wrist. Ti3C2@PPy-CMC composite's outstanding electrochemical performance indicates its potential capabilities and biocompatibility in wearable energy storage devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114092
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
M. P. was supported by the Advanced Functional Nanorobots project (reg. No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15_003/0000444 financed by the EFRR). We gratefully acknowledge Lukas Dekanovsky for initial help with the synthesis of PPy-CMC nanospheres and EDS mapping of Ti 3 C 2 @PPy-CMC.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry


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