Fluorescence quenching caused by aggregation of water-soluble CdSe quantum dots

Minho Noh, Taehoon Kim, Hosub Lee, Chang Koo Kim, Sang Woo Joo, Kangtaek Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

119 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the fluorescence quenching phenomenon that water-soluble CdSe quantum dots exhibit upon aggregation. First, we synthesize the hydrophobic CdSe quantum dots and convert them water-soluble using surface-ligand exchange with mercaptoacetic acid. We then induce aggregation of CdSe quantum dots by adding electrolyte to suspension. To monitor the change in photochemical and physical properties upon aggregation, various experimental techniques such as quasi-elastic light scattering (QELS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), zeta potential measurement, and UV-vis and photoluminescence spectroscopy are employed. We find that addition of electrolyte to water-soluble quantum dot suspension reduces the colloidal stability of quantum dots, causing aggregation and hence the fluorescence quenching of quantum dots. Increasing electrolyte concentration accelerates aggregation of quantum dots, causing faster fluorescence quenching phenomenon. We rationalize the experimental results with the classical DLVO model that accounts for the interparticle interaction and colloidal stability in suspension. We expect that the fluorescence quenching phenomenon caused by quantum dot aggregation can be applied in many fields including molecular sensing and imaging probes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-44
Number of pages6
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume359
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Apr 20

Fingerprint

Semiconductor quantum dots
Quenching
Agglomeration
Fluorescence
quenching
quantum dots
fluorescence
Water
water
Electrolytes
Suspensions
electrolytes
Photoluminescence spectroscopy
Elastic scattering
Zeta potential
Ultraviolet spectroscopy
Light scattering
elastic scattering
light scattering
Physical properties

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

Noh, Minho ; Kim, Taehoon ; Lee, Hosub ; Kim, Chang Koo ; Joo, Sang Woo ; Lee, Kangtaek. / Fluorescence quenching caused by aggregation of water-soluble CdSe quantum dots. In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects. 2010 ; Vol. 359, No. 1-3. pp. 39-44.
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Fluorescence quenching caused by aggregation of water-soluble CdSe quantum dots. / Noh, Minho; Kim, Taehoon; Lee, Hosub; Kim, Chang Koo; Joo, Sang Woo; Lee, Kangtaek.

In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Vol. 359, No. 1-3, 20.04.2010, p. 39-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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