Fluorescent lymphography during minimally invasive total gastrectomy for gastric cancer: an effective technique for splenic hilar lymph node dissection

Sejin Lee, Jeong Ho Song, Seohee Choi, Minah Cho, Yoo Min Kim, Hyoung Il Kim, Woo Jin Hyung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Fluorescent lymphography is an excellent technique for complete lymph node dissection during minimally invasive surgery for gastric cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the role of fluorescent lymphography in splenic hilar lymph node dissection during minimally invasive total gastrectomy. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 168 gastric cancer patients who underwent minimally invasive total gastrectomy with D2 + No. 10 lymph node dissection from 2013 to 2018. Fluorescent lymphography was used whenever it is possible. However, when near-infrared imaging system and endoscopic indocyanine green injection were not available, we performed surgery without fluorescent lymphography. A total of 74 patients underwent surgery with fluorescent lymphography (FL group) and 94 underwent surgery without it (non-FL group). Perioperative and long-term outcomes including the number of retrieved lymph nodes at each nodal station were compared between groups. Results: The median number of retrieved lymph nodes at the splenic hilum was larger in the FL group {2.5 [Interquartile range (IQR), 1–5]} than in the non-FL group [1 (IQR, 1–3); P = 0.012]. The negative predictive value of fluorescent lymphography for lymph node metastasis at the splenic hilum was 97.1%, although the sensitivity was 66.7%. The overall survival (FL: 96.9% vs. non-FL: 88.9%; P = 0.334) and relapse-free survival (FL: 90.5% vs. non-FL: 65.5%; P = 0.054) were higher in the FL group, although there were no statistical differences. However, among the patients without lymph node metastasis, the relapse-free survival was significantly higher in the FL group (100%) than in the non-FL group (67.1%; P = 0.017). Conclusions: Fluorescent lymphography is an effective tool for complete lymph node dissection at the splenic hilum. Moreover, it may help select patients who do not need splenic hilar lymph node dissection during a total gastrectomy.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSurgical endoscopy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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