Fluorination of Black Phosphorus—Will Black Phosphorus Burn Down in the Elemental Fluorine?

Jan Plutnar, Jiří Šturala, Vlastimil Mazánek, Zdeněk Sofer, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Black phosphorus (BP) represents a promising tunable bandgap alternative to graphene and other 2D materials in the field of semiconductors. However, its reactivity toward covalent modification of its surface (as a key to its bandgap adjustment) is scarcely reported. Here a method of covalent modification of BP involving reaction with fluorine is reported. Other allotropes of phosphorus are known to react violently with fluorine resulting in its complete burning down and formation of gaseous phosphorus pentafluoride. The results of our fluorination experiments conducted in analogy to the procedures used for fluorination of graphene indicate a successful binding of fluorine to BP. This route of modification of BP opens new possible ways toward covalent modification of the surface of this promising material.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1801438
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number35
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 29

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the project Advanced Functional Nanorobots (Reg. No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15_003/0000444 financed by the EFRR). J.S. also greatly acknowledges the access to the computational resources, which were supplied by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic under the Projects CESNET (Project No. LM2015042) and CERIT-Scientific Cloud (Project No. LM2015085) provided within the program Projects of Large Research, Development and Innovations Infrastructures. Z.S. and V.M. were supported by Czech Science Foundation (GACR No. 17-11456S) and by specific university research (MSMT no. SVV-20/2018).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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