Phase formation and thermal stability for an Al-Mn-Be alloy have been investigated by melt-spinning and conventional casting. Significant differences in the phase formation and the thermal stability of the microstructure were found as a result of the different cooling rates. In the melt-spun ribbons, a large volume fraction of a metastable icosahedral phase was found to coexist with an Al solid solution. In the bulk cast ingots, the primary phase formed in the two-phase microstructure was a hexagonal approximant phase of quasicrystals. This phase that solidified in the form of faceted particles embedded in the Al solid matrix proved to be thermodynamically stable during annealing at 540 °C for 100 h. The effect of Be addition on the formation of the stable approximant phase is discussed in terms of the Hume-Rothery mechanism.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering