Formation of Fine Particles from Residual Oil Combustion

Reducing Nuclei Through the Addition of Inorganic Sorbent

William P. Linak, C. Andrew Miller, Dawn A. Santoianni, Charles J. King, Takuya Shinagawa, Jost O.L. Wendt, Jong Ik Yoo, Yong Chil Seo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The potential use of sorbents to manage emissions of ultrafine metal nuclei from residual oil combustion was investigated by using an 82-kW-rated laboratory-scale refractory-lined combustor. Without sorbent addition, baseline measurements of the fly ash particle size distribution (PSD) and chemical composition indicate that most of the metals contained in the residual oil form ultrafine particles (∼0.1 μm diameter). These results are consistent with particle formation via mechanisms of ash vaporization and subsequent particle nucleation and growth. Equilibrium calculations predict metal vaporization at flame temperatures and were used to define regions above the dew point for the major metal constituents (iron [Fe], nickel [Ni], vanadium [V], and zinc [Zn]) where vapor-phase metal and solidphase sorbents could interact. The addition of dispersed kaolinite powder resulted in an approximate 35% reduction in the ultrafine nuclei as determined by changes to the PSDs as well as the size-dependent chemical composition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)664-669
Number of pages6
JournalKorean Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Sorbents
Oils
Metals
Ashes
Vaporization
Coal Ash
Kaolin
Vanadium
Kaolinite
Nickel
Combustors
Chemical analysis
Fly ash
Particle size analysis
Refractory materials
Powders
Zinc
Nucleation
Iron
Vapors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Linak, William P. ; Miller, C. Andrew ; Santoianni, Dawn A. ; King, Charles J. ; Shinagawa, Takuya ; Wendt, Jost O.L. ; Yoo, Jong Ik ; Seo, Yong Chil. / Formation of Fine Particles from Residual Oil Combustion : Reducing Nuclei Through the Addition of Inorganic Sorbent. In: Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering. 2003 ; Vol. 20, No. 4. pp. 664-669.
@article{1c3e43eec0f04bf39209af7671445f2e,
title = "Formation of Fine Particles from Residual Oil Combustion: Reducing Nuclei Through the Addition of Inorganic Sorbent",
abstract = "The potential use of sorbents to manage emissions of ultrafine metal nuclei from residual oil combustion was investigated by using an 82-kW-rated laboratory-scale refractory-lined combustor. Without sorbent addition, baseline measurements of the fly ash particle size distribution (PSD) and chemical composition indicate that most of the metals contained in the residual oil form ultrafine particles (∼0.1 μm diameter). These results are consistent with particle formation via mechanisms of ash vaporization and subsequent particle nucleation and growth. Equilibrium calculations predict metal vaporization at flame temperatures and were used to define regions above the dew point for the major metal constituents (iron [Fe], nickel [Ni], vanadium [V], and zinc [Zn]) where vapor-phase metal and solidphase sorbents could interact. The addition of dispersed kaolinite powder resulted in an approximate 35{\%} reduction in the ultrafine nuclei as determined by changes to the PSDs as well as the size-dependent chemical composition.",
author = "Linak, {William P.} and Miller, {C. Andrew} and Santoianni, {Dawn A.} and King, {Charles J.} and Takuya Shinagawa and Wendt, {Jost O.L.} and Yoo, {Jong Ik} and Seo, {Yong Chil}",
year = "2003",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/BF02706905",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "664--669",
journal = "Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering",
issn = "0256-1115",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "4",

}

Formation of Fine Particles from Residual Oil Combustion : Reducing Nuclei Through the Addition of Inorganic Sorbent. / Linak, William P.; Miller, C. Andrew; Santoianni, Dawn A.; King, Charles J.; Shinagawa, Takuya; Wendt, Jost O.L.; Yoo, Jong Ik; Seo, Yong Chil.

In: Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 20, No. 4, 01.01.2003, p. 664-669.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Formation of Fine Particles from Residual Oil Combustion

T2 - Reducing Nuclei Through the Addition of Inorganic Sorbent

AU - Linak, William P.

AU - Miller, C. Andrew

AU - Santoianni, Dawn A.

AU - King, Charles J.

AU - Shinagawa, Takuya

AU - Wendt, Jost O.L.

AU - Yoo, Jong Ik

AU - Seo, Yong Chil

PY - 2003/1/1

Y1 - 2003/1/1

N2 - The potential use of sorbents to manage emissions of ultrafine metal nuclei from residual oil combustion was investigated by using an 82-kW-rated laboratory-scale refractory-lined combustor. Without sorbent addition, baseline measurements of the fly ash particle size distribution (PSD) and chemical composition indicate that most of the metals contained in the residual oil form ultrafine particles (∼0.1 μm diameter). These results are consistent with particle formation via mechanisms of ash vaporization and subsequent particle nucleation and growth. Equilibrium calculations predict metal vaporization at flame temperatures and were used to define regions above the dew point for the major metal constituents (iron [Fe], nickel [Ni], vanadium [V], and zinc [Zn]) where vapor-phase metal and solidphase sorbents could interact. The addition of dispersed kaolinite powder resulted in an approximate 35% reduction in the ultrafine nuclei as determined by changes to the PSDs as well as the size-dependent chemical composition.

AB - The potential use of sorbents to manage emissions of ultrafine metal nuclei from residual oil combustion was investigated by using an 82-kW-rated laboratory-scale refractory-lined combustor. Without sorbent addition, baseline measurements of the fly ash particle size distribution (PSD) and chemical composition indicate that most of the metals contained in the residual oil form ultrafine particles (∼0.1 μm diameter). These results are consistent with particle formation via mechanisms of ash vaporization and subsequent particle nucleation and growth. Equilibrium calculations predict metal vaporization at flame temperatures and were used to define regions above the dew point for the major metal constituents (iron [Fe], nickel [Ni], vanadium [V], and zinc [Zn]) where vapor-phase metal and solidphase sorbents could interact. The addition of dispersed kaolinite powder resulted in an approximate 35% reduction in the ultrafine nuclei as determined by changes to the PSDs as well as the size-dependent chemical composition.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0141731305&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0141731305&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF02706905

DO - 10.1007/BF02706905

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 664

EP - 669

JO - Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

JF - Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

SN - 0256-1115

IS - 4

ER -