Background Q waves on a 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) are considered to be classic hallmarks of prior myocardial infarction. However, one study suggested that the fragmented QRS complex (fQRS) on ECG is a highly sensitive and specific marker of myocardial scarring on a nuclear stress test. The study aimed to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of fragmented QRS complexes compared with Q waves for myocardial injury detected by delayed contrast-enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (DE-CMRI) in subjects with acute myocardial infarction. Methods Electrocardiograms of 190 subjects with myocardial infarction who underwent DE-CMR were analyzed. fQRS was defined by the presence of an additional R wave (R″), or notching of the S wave, or more than one R′ in two contiguous leads. Results Delayed enhancement was observed in 180 (94.7%) patients. Transmural enhancement was noted in 78 (43.3%) and subendocardial enhancement in 102 (56.7%) patients. The sensitivity and specificity of Q waved and fQRS for diagnosing delayed enhancement were 59.4% vs. 66.7% and 90.0% vs. 40.0%. The area under the receiver-operator characteristics curve of delayed enhancement was 0.75 for Q waves and 0.53 for fQRS (p = 0.04). The areas under the ROC curves of the transmurality of delayed enhancement were 0.44 for fQRS and 0.58 for Q waves (p = 0.73). Conclusions fQRS has poor accuracy for the detection of myocardial injury compared with Q waves. fQRS and Q waves are not valuable tools for the diagnosis transmural irreversible myocardial injury in acute myocardial infarction.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a research grant from the Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine (YUWCM 2011-7-5094).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine