Frequency Control Support of a Doubly-Fed Induction Generator Based on the Torque Limit

Moses Kang, Keonhui Kim, Eduard Muljadi, Jung Wook Park, Yong Cheol Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper proposes a torque limit-based inertial control scheme of a doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) that supports the frequency control of a power system. If a frequency deviation occurs, the proposed scheme aims to release a large amount of kinetic energy (KE) stored in the rotating masses of a DFIG to raise the frequency nadir (FN). Upon detecting the event, the scheme instantly increases its output to the torque limit and then reduces the output with the rotor speed so that it converges to the stable operating range. To restore the rotor speed while causing a small second frequency dip (SFD), after the rotor speed converges the power reference is reduced by a small amount and maintained until it meets the reference for maximum power point tracking control. The test results demonstrate that the scheme can improve the FN and maximum rate of change of frequency while causing a small SFD in any wind conditions and in a power system that has a high penetration of wind power, and thus the scheme helps maintain the required level of system reliability. The scheme releases the KE from 2.9 times to 3.7 times the Hydro-Québec requirement depending on the power reference.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7390324
Pages (from-to)4575-4583
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 1

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Asynchronous generators
Torque
Rotors
Kinetic energy
Wind power

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Kang, Moses ; Kim, Keonhui ; Muljadi, Eduard ; Park, Jung Wook ; Kang, Yong Cheol. / Frequency Control Support of a Doubly-Fed Induction Generator Based on the Torque Limit. In: IEEE Transactions on Power Systems. 2016 ; Vol. 31, No. 6. pp. 4575-4583.
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abstract = "This paper proposes a torque limit-based inertial control scheme of a doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) that supports the frequency control of a power system. If a frequency deviation occurs, the proposed scheme aims to release a large amount of kinetic energy (KE) stored in the rotating masses of a DFIG to raise the frequency nadir (FN). Upon detecting the event, the scheme instantly increases its output to the torque limit and then reduces the output with the rotor speed so that it converges to the stable operating range. To restore the rotor speed while causing a small second frequency dip (SFD), after the rotor speed converges the power reference is reduced by a small amount and maintained until it meets the reference for maximum power point tracking control. The test results demonstrate that the scheme can improve the FN and maximum rate of change of frequency while causing a small SFD in any wind conditions and in a power system that has a high penetration of wind power, and thus the scheme helps maintain the required level of system reliability. The scheme releases the KE from 2.9 times to 3.7 times the Hydro-Qu{\'e}bec requirement depending on the power reference.",
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Frequency Control Support of a Doubly-Fed Induction Generator Based on the Torque Limit. / Kang, Moses; Kim, Keonhui; Muljadi, Eduard; Park, Jung Wook; Kang, Yong Cheol.

In: IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 31, No. 6, 7390324, 01.11.2016, p. 4575-4583.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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