Concerns have been raised about the long-term safety of drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation due to late angiographic stent thrombosis (LAST). We investigated the incidence and 6-month clinical and angiographic outcomes of LAST after DES versus bare metal stent (BMS) implantation. This study comprised 6,551 patients treated with BMSs (n = 4,104) or DESs (n = 2,447). LAST was defined as angiographically proved stent thrombotic occlusion with acute ischemic symptoms >30 days after stenting. Major adverse cardiac events were defined as death, Q-wave myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization. Patients treated with DESs had a significantly higher risk profile than did patients treated with BMSs. There were 8 cases (0.33%) of LAST in the DES group and 7 (0.17%) in the BMS group, showing similar event rates after risk adjustment (adjusted hazard ratio 1.2, 95% confidence interval 0.1 to 18.4, p = 0.9). Four patients with LAST treated with DESs (50%) and 1 treated with BMSs (14%) were associated with discontinuation of antiplatelet therapy. Two cases (25%) of LAST with DESs occurred in patients on aspirin monotherapy and another 2 cases (25%) occurred in patients on dual antiplatelet therapy. There was no case of in-hospital death associated with LAST events. At 6-month follow-up after LAST events, major adverse cardiac events occurred in only 3 patients (43%) in the BMS group. In conclusion, the incidence of LAST was similar after DES and BMS implantations. LAST treated with DESs was associated with antiplatelet therapy discontinuation in a significant number of patients, and LAST events also developed on dual antiplatelet therapy. Patients with LAST and DESs showed favorable outcomes during follow-up.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine