From questionnaire to conversation: A structural intervention to improve HIV test counseling

Nicolas Sheon, Seung Hee Lee, Shelley Facente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: We describe the effects of structural intervention to enhance the quality of HIV test counseling interaction with men who have sex with men (MSM) in San Francisco. Methods: Audio recordings of 28 rapid HIV test sessions by seven counselors were collected in two phases: before and after implementation of a waiting room intervention prior to the session. The sessions were analyzed using sequence maps to visualize and compare the sequence and distribution of four activities: counseling, information delivery, data collection, and sample collection. Results: Prior to the intervention, counselors and clients often oriented to data collection about the client's past risk as if it were a survey. In sessions recorded after the intervention, questions about past risk were dispersed throughout the session and embedded within an elaborated discussion of the client's particular life circumstances. Conclusion: Direct observation with the aid of sequence maps illuminates the ways that counselors and clients collaboratively orient to various tasks. Practice implications: We demonstrated the feasibility of a structural intervention that improved the quality of both counseling and the accuracy of client risk data without requiring additional session time or counselor training.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-475
Number of pages8
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Volume81
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec 1

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Counseling
HIV
San Francisco
Observation
Counselors
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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From questionnaire to conversation : A structural intervention to improve HIV test counseling. / Sheon, Nicolas; Lee, Seung Hee; Facente, Shelley.

In: Patient Education and Counseling, Vol. 81, No. 3, 01.12.2010, p. 468-475.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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