Advanced high-throughput sequencing technology accumulated massive amount of genomics and transcriptomics data in the public databases. Due to the high technical accessibility, DNA and RNA sequencing have huge potential for the study of gene functions in most species including animals and crops. A proven analytic platform to convert sequencing data to gene functional information is co-functional network. Because all genes exert their functions through interactions with others, network analysis is a legitimate way to study gene functions. The workflow of network-based functional study is composed of three steps: (i) inferencing co-functional links, (ii) evaluating and integrating the links into genome-scale networks, and (iii) generating functional hypotheses from the networks. Co-functional links can be inferred from DNA sequencing data by using phylogenetic profiling, gene neighborhood, domain profiling, associalogs, and co-expression analysis from RNA sequencing data. The inferred links are then evaluated and integrated into a genome-scale network with aid from gold-standard co-functional links. Functional hypotheses can be generated from the network based on (i) network connectivity, (ii) network propagation, and (iii) subnetwork analysis. The functional analysis pipeline described here requires only sequencing data which can be readily available for most species by next-generation sequencing technology. Therefore, co-functional networks will greatly potentiate the use of the sequencing data for the study of genetics in any cellular organism.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grants from the National Research Foundation of Korea [2012M3A9B4028641, 2012M3A9C 7050151, and 2015R1A2A1A15055859] to I. L.
© 2017 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Animal Science and Zoology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)