Fuel-Free Light-Powered TiO2/Pt Janus Micromotors for Enhanced Nitroaromatic Explosives Degradation

Lei Kong, Carmen C. Mayorga-Martinez, Jianguo Guan, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nitroaromatic explosives such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (2,4,6-TNT) and 2,4-dinitrotoluene (2,4-DNT) are two common nitroaromatic compounds in ammunition. Their leakage leads to serious environmental pollution and threatens human health. It is important to remove or decompose them rapidly and efficiently. In this work, we present that light-powered TiO2/Pt Janus micromotors have high efficiency for the "on-the-fly" photocatalytic degradation of 2,4-DNT and 2,4,6-TNT in pure water under UV irradiation. The redox reactions, induced by photogenerated holes and electrons on the TiO2/Pt Janus micromotor surfaces, produce a local electric field that propels the micromotors as well as oxidative species that are able to photodegrade 2,4-DNT and 2,4,6-TNT. Furthermore, the moving TiO2/Pt Janus micromotors show an efficient degradation of nitroaromatic compounds as compared to the stationary ones thanks to the enhanced mixing and mass transfer in the solution by movement of these micromotors. Such fuel-free light-powered micromotors for explosive degradation are expected to find a way to environmental remediation and security applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22427-22434
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume10
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 5

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Micromotors
2,4-dinitrotoluene
Trinitrotoluene
Degradation
Ammunition
Redox reactions
Pollution
Mass transfer
Electric fields
Health
Irradiation
Electrons
Water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Kong, Lei ; Mayorga-Martinez, Carmen C. ; Guan, Jianguo ; Pumera, Martin. / Fuel-Free Light-Powered TiO2/Pt Janus Micromotors for Enhanced Nitroaromatic Explosives Degradation. In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 2018 ; Vol. 10, No. 26. pp. 22427-22434.
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Fuel-Free Light-Powered TiO2/Pt Janus Micromotors for Enhanced Nitroaromatic Explosives Degradation. / Kong, Lei; Mayorga-Martinez, Carmen C.; Guan, Jianguo; Pumera, Martin.

In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 10, No. 26, 05.07.2018, p. 22427-22434.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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