Fuel-Free Light-Powered TiO2/Pt Janus Micromotors for Enhanced Nitroaromatic Explosives Degradation

Lei Kong, Carmen C. Mayorga-Martinez, Jianguo Guan, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nitroaromatic explosives such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (2,4,6-TNT) and 2,4-dinitrotoluene (2,4-DNT) are two common nitroaromatic compounds in ammunition. Their leakage leads to serious environmental pollution and threatens human health. It is important to remove or decompose them rapidly and efficiently. In this work, we present that light-powered TiO2/Pt Janus micromotors have high efficiency for the "on-the-fly" photocatalytic degradation of 2,4-DNT and 2,4,6-TNT in pure water under UV irradiation. The redox reactions, induced by photogenerated holes and electrons on the TiO2/Pt Janus micromotor surfaces, produce a local electric field that propels the micromotors as well as oxidative species that are able to photodegrade 2,4-DNT and 2,4,6-TNT. Furthermore, the moving TiO2/Pt Janus micromotors show an efficient degradation of nitroaromatic compounds as compared to the stationary ones thanks to the enhanced mixing and mass transfer in the solution by movement of these micromotors. Such fuel-free light-powered micromotors for explosive degradation are expected to find a way to environmental remediation and security applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22427-22434
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume10
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 5

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the project Advanced Functional Nanorobots (reg. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15_003/0000444 financed by the EFRR). The authors acknowledge A*Star Grant SERC A1783c0005 (Singapore). L.K. acknowledges the Scholarship Fund from China Scholarship Council (CSC 201606950043).

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the project Advanced Functional Nanorobots (reg. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15-003/0000444 financed by the EFRR). The authors acknowledge A∗Star Grant SERC A1783c0005 (Singapore). L.K. acknowledges the Scholarship Fund from China Scholarship Council (CSC 201606950043).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Chemical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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