Full-Scale Fire Test of an Intercity Train Car

Duck Hee Lee, Won Hee Park, Jungho Hwang, George Hadjisophocleous

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Fire development inside a train car is a topic that has not been studied extensively due to the complexity of the problem and the need for a real train car and the appropriate facilities to conduct these tests in a controlled environment. This paper presents detailed experimental data on fire development inside a real intercity train car. The facility used for the tests is capable of conducting such large-scale fires and measuring the heat release rate using oxygen consumption calorimetry. Thermocouples and plate thermometers were installed inside the train car to provide an insight of the fire development. A number of cameras were also placed inside the car and in the tunnel providing live videos during the test. The peak heat release rate was 32 MW at 1081 s after ignition, and the fire burned 83% of the initial fire load. Flame spread data and recordings of window breaking events are discussed and compared to the heat release rate data. A local flashover-type phenomenon where the fire involved all combustibles at the rear of the car was found to occur.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1559-1574
Number of pages16
JournalFire Technology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sept 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


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