Lis-homology (LisH) motifs are involved in protein dimerization, and the discovery of the conserved N-terminal LisH domain in transducin β-like protein 1 and its receptor (TBL1 and TBLR1) led us to examine the role of this domain in transcriptional repression. Here we show that multiple β-transducin (WD-40) repeat-containing proteins interact to form oligomers in solution and that oligomerization depends on the presence of the LisH domain in each protein. Repression of transcription, as assayed using Gal4 fusion proteins, also depended on the presence of the LisH domain, suggesting that oligomerization is a prerequisite for efficient transcriptional repression. Furthermore, we show that the LisH domain is responsible for the binding to the hypoacetylated histone H4 tail and for stable chromatin targeting by the nuclear receptor corepressor complex. Mutations in conserved residues in the LisH motif of TBL1 and TBLR1 block histone binding, oligomerization, and transcriptional repression, supporting the functional importance of the LisH motif in transcriptional repression. Our results indicate that another WD-40 protein, TBL3, also preferentially binds to the N-terminal domain of TBL1 and TBLR1, and forms oligomers with other WD-40 proteins. Finally, we observed that the WD-40 proteins RbAp46 and RbAp48 of the sin3A corepressor complex failed to dimerize. We also found the specific interaction UbcH/E2 with TBL1, but not RbAp46/48. Altogether, our results thus indicate that the presence of multiple LisH/WD-40 repeat containing proteins is exclusive to nuclear receptor corepressor/ silencing mediator for retinoic and thyroid receptor complexes compared with other class 1 histone deacetylase-containing corepessor complexes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology