The study purpose was to determine the effect of functional electrical stimulation (FES)-leg cycle ergometer training (30 minutes on 3 d/wk for 8 weeks) on the GLUT-1 and GLUT-4 content of paralyzed skeletal muscle. Biopsy samples of vastus lateralis muscle were obtained pre- and post-training from five individuals with motor-complete spinal cord injury ([SCI] four men and one woman aged 31 to 50 years, 3 to 25 years postinjury involving C5-T8). Western blot analysis indicated that GLUT-1 increased by 52% and GLUT-4 increased by 72% with training (P < .05). This coincided with an increase in the muscle oxidative capacity as indicated by a 56% increase in citrate synthase (CS) activity (P < .05) and an improvement in the insulin sensitivity index as determined from oral glucose tolerance tests (P < .05). It is concluded that FES endurance training is effective to increase glucose transporter protein levels in paralyzed skeletal muscle of individuals with SCI.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism