Objective: Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), the primary antioxidant enzyme in mitochondria, plays a key role in protecting cells from oxidative stress. Furthermore, the MnSOD rs4880 polymorphism is associated with enzyme activity. The authors evaluated the interaction between MnSOD genotypes and cervical carcinogenesis risk and the modulating effects of serum antioxidant nutrient status (β-carotene, lycopene, zeaxanthin/lutein, retinol, α-tocopherol and γ-tocopherol). Methods: Cases and controls for this study were recruited between June 2006 and July 2007 (263 controls, 84 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), 94 CIN 2/3, and 99 cases of cervical cancer). The MnSOD polymorphism at rs4880T/C was examined using SNaPshot assays. Serum antioxidant vitamin concentrations were measured by reverse-phase gradient high-pressure liquid chromatography. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were estimated after adjusting for age, menopause, parity, oral contraceptive use, smoking and alcohol consumption. Results: No association was found between the MnSOD rs4880 polymorphism and cervical cancer. However, genotypes significantly modified the risk of cervical cancer in association with the serum statuses of micronutrients (Pinteraction < 0.05 for β-carotene, lycopene, zeaxanthin/lutein, α-tocopherol, and γ-tocopherol). Decreased CIN1 risk in association with the MnSOD rs4880 variant genotype was also observed particularly for subjects with higher β-carotene and γ-tocopherol levels. Similar results were observed for lycopene and α-tocopherol in relation to the risk of CIN2/3. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that a higher antioxidant micronutrients status may decrease the risk of CIN and cervical cancer and modify the effect of the MnSOD polymorphism on disease risk.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by a Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) grant funded by the Korean government (MOST) (R01-2006-000-10621-0) and by a Korean Research Foundation grant (2005-C00517).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology