We present a new diagnostic technique of fundamental monomeric biomaterials that do not rely on any enzyme or chemical reaction. Instead, it only uses radio frequency (RF) signal analysis. The detection and classification of basic biomaterials, such as glucose and albumin, were demonstrated. The device was designed to generate a strong resonance response with glucose solution and fabricated by simple photolithography with PDMS (Polydimethylsiloxane) well. It even was used to detect the level of glucose in mixtures of glucose and albumin and in human serum, and it operated properly and identified the glucose concentration precisely. It has a detection limit about 100 μM (1.8 mg/dl), and a sensitivity about 58 MHz per 1 mM of glucose and exhibited a good linearity in human blood glucose level. In addition, the intrinsic electrical properties of biomaterials can be investigated by a de-embedding technique and an equivalent circuit analysis. The capacitance of glucose containing samples exhibited bell-shaped Gaussian dispersion spectra around 2.4 GHz. The Albumin solution did not represent a clear dispersion spectra compared to glucose, and the magnitude of resistance and inductance of albumin was higher than that of other samples. Other parameters also represented distinguishable patterns to classify those biomaterials. It leads us to expect future usage of our technique as a pattern-recognizing biosensor.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was partially supported by the Priority Research Centers Program ( 2009-0093823 ), the Basic Science Research Program (Grant no. 2013063062 ), the Korean Government (MSIP) (No. 2015R1A5A1037668 ) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MEST) .
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering