Fundamentals of hydrogen dissolution in novel calcium-Aluminate welding fluxes containing FeOt and NaF for advanced high strength steels

Sunghoon Chung, Il Sohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of NaF, CaO/Al2O3, and FeOt on the hydrogen solubility in the CaO-Al2O3-FeOt-NaF welding flux system that could be utilized for high Al containing steels has been investigated. Halide components such as NaF added for increased fluidity and electrical conductivity had relatively minimal effect on the hydrogen dissolution at various CaO/Al2O3 ratio and FeOt concentrations. Using wet analytical titration, results showed Fe3+ to be dominant in the present flux compositions and moisture atmosphere. Higher Fe3+ or Fe2O3 affected hydrogen dissolution depending upon the dominant mechanism apparent in the compositional range of interest. At acidic compositions of CaO/Al2O3 of 0.8, the dominant hydrogen dissolution mechanism was found to be incorporated hydroxyl, where higher Fe2O3 content increased the hydrogen solubility in the flux. At basic compositions of CaO/Al2O3 above unity, the dominant hydrogen dissolution mechanism was found to be free hydroxyl, where higher Fe2O3 content decreased the hydrogen solubility in the flux. Corresponding to the hydrogen analysis, structural analyses using FTIR and Raman spectroscopy showed higher NaF was ineffective in modifying the structure of the flux, but changes with the Fe2O3 and CaO/Al2O3 provided unit structural changes that coincided to the hydrogen dissolution behavior observed for the present flux.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18490-18497
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume39
Issue number32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Fingerprint

high strength steels
High strength steel
welding
calcium
Calcium
dissolving
Dissolution
Welding
Fluxes
Hydrogen
hydrogen
solubility
Solubility
Chemical analysis
Fluidity
Titration
structural analysis
Structural analysis
moisture
titration

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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title = "Fundamentals of hydrogen dissolution in novel calcium-Aluminate welding fluxes containing FeOt and NaF for advanced high strength steels",
abstract = "The effect of NaF, CaO/Al2O3, and FeOt on the hydrogen solubility in the CaO-Al2O3-FeOt-NaF welding flux system that could be utilized for high Al containing steels has been investigated. Halide components such as NaF added for increased fluidity and electrical conductivity had relatively minimal effect on the hydrogen dissolution at various CaO/Al2O3 ratio and FeOt concentrations. Using wet analytical titration, results showed Fe3+ to be dominant in the present flux compositions and moisture atmosphere. Higher Fe3+ or Fe2O3 affected hydrogen dissolution depending upon the dominant mechanism apparent in the compositional range of interest. At acidic compositions of CaO/Al2O3 of 0.8, the dominant hydrogen dissolution mechanism was found to be incorporated hydroxyl, where higher Fe2O3 content increased the hydrogen solubility in the flux. At basic compositions of CaO/Al2O3 above unity, the dominant hydrogen dissolution mechanism was found to be free hydroxyl, where higher Fe2O3 content decreased the hydrogen solubility in the flux. Corresponding to the hydrogen analysis, structural analyses using FTIR and Raman spectroscopy showed higher NaF was ineffective in modifying the structure of the flux, but changes with the Fe2O3 and CaO/Al2O3 provided unit structural changes that coincided to the hydrogen dissolution behavior observed for the present flux.",
author = "Sunghoon Chung and Il Sohn",
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AU - Sohn, Il

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N2 - The effect of NaF, CaO/Al2O3, and FeOt on the hydrogen solubility in the CaO-Al2O3-FeOt-NaF welding flux system that could be utilized for high Al containing steels has been investigated. Halide components such as NaF added for increased fluidity and electrical conductivity had relatively minimal effect on the hydrogen dissolution at various CaO/Al2O3 ratio and FeOt concentrations. Using wet analytical titration, results showed Fe3+ to be dominant in the present flux compositions and moisture atmosphere. Higher Fe3+ or Fe2O3 affected hydrogen dissolution depending upon the dominant mechanism apparent in the compositional range of interest. At acidic compositions of CaO/Al2O3 of 0.8, the dominant hydrogen dissolution mechanism was found to be incorporated hydroxyl, where higher Fe2O3 content increased the hydrogen solubility in the flux. At basic compositions of CaO/Al2O3 above unity, the dominant hydrogen dissolution mechanism was found to be free hydroxyl, where higher Fe2O3 content decreased the hydrogen solubility in the flux. Corresponding to the hydrogen analysis, structural analyses using FTIR and Raman spectroscopy showed higher NaF was ineffective in modifying the structure of the flux, but changes with the Fe2O3 and CaO/Al2O3 provided unit structural changes that coincided to the hydrogen dissolution behavior observed for the present flux.

AB - The effect of NaF, CaO/Al2O3, and FeOt on the hydrogen solubility in the CaO-Al2O3-FeOt-NaF welding flux system that could be utilized for high Al containing steels has been investigated. Halide components such as NaF added for increased fluidity and electrical conductivity had relatively minimal effect on the hydrogen dissolution at various CaO/Al2O3 ratio and FeOt concentrations. Using wet analytical titration, results showed Fe3+ to be dominant in the present flux compositions and moisture atmosphere. Higher Fe3+ or Fe2O3 affected hydrogen dissolution depending upon the dominant mechanism apparent in the compositional range of interest. At acidic compositions of CaO/Al2O3 of 0.8, the dominant hydrogen dissolution mechanism was found to be incorporated hydroxyl, where higher Fe2O3 content increased the hydrogen solubility in the flux. At basic compositions of CaO/Al2O3 above unity, the dominant hydrogen dissolution mechanism was found to be free hydroxyl, where higher Fe2O3 content decreased the hydrogen solubility in the flux. Corresponding to the hydrogen analysis, structural analyses using FTIR and Raman spectroscopy showed higher NaF was ineffective in modifying the structure of the flux, but changes with the Fe2O3 and CaO/Al2O3 provided unit structural changes that coincided to the hydrogen dissolution behavior observed for the present flux.

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