GALEX ultraviolet photometry of globular clusters in M31: Three-year results and a catalog

Soo Chang Rey, R. Michael Rich, Sangmo T. Sohn, Suk Jin Yoon, Chul Chung, Sukyoung K. Yi, Young Wook Lee, Jaehyon Rhee, Luciana Bianchi, Barry F. Madore, Kyungsook Lee, Tom A. Barlow, Karl Forster, Peter G. Friedman, D. Christopher Martin, Patrick Morrissey, Susan G. Neff, David Schiminovich, Mark Seibert, Todd SmallTed K. Wyder, José Donas, Timothy M. Heckman, Bruno Milliard, Alex S. Szalay, Barry Y. Welsh

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Abstract

We present ultraviolet (UV) photometry of M31 globular clusters (GCs) found in 23 Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) images covering the entirety of M31. We detect 485 and 273 GCs (and GC candidates) in the near-ultraviolet (NUV) and far-ultraviolet (FUV), respectively. The UV properties of GCs have been analyzed using various combinations of UV-optical and optical-optical colors. Comparing M31 data with those of Galactic GCs in the UV with the aid of population models, we find that the age ranges of old GCs in M31 and the Galactic halo are similar. Three metal-rich ([Fe/H] > -1) GCs in M31 produce significant FUV flux making their FUV- V colors unusually blue for their metallicities. These are thought to be analogs of the two peculiar Galactic GCs, NGC 6388 and NGC 6441, with extended blue HB stars. Based on the models incorporating helium enriched subpopulations in addition to the majority of the population that have a normal helium abundance, we suggest that even small fraction of super-helium-rich subpopulations in GCs can reproduce the observed UV bright metal-rich GCs. Young clusters in M31 show distinct UVand optical properties from GCs in Milky Way. Population models indicate that their typical age is less than ∼2 Gyr and is consistent with the age derived from the most recent high-quality spectroscopic observations. A large fraction of young GCs have the kinematics of the thin, rapidly rotating disk component. Most GCs with bulge kinematics show old ages. The existence of young GCs on the outskirts of M31 disk suggests the occurrence of a significant recent star formation in the thin-disk of M31. We detect 12(10) intermediate-age GC candidates in NUV (FUV) identified by previous spectroscopic observations. On the basis of comparing our UV photometry to population models, we suggest that some of spectroscopically identified intermediate-age GCs may not be truly intermediate in age, but rather older GCs that possess developed HB stars which contribute to enhanced UV flux as well as Balmer lines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)643-658
Number of pages16
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume173
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Dec 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Rey, S. C., Rich, R. M., Sohn, S. T., Yoon, S. J., Chung, C., Yi, S. K., Lee, Y. W., Rhee, J., Bianchi, L., Madore, B. F., Lee, K., Barlow, T. A., Forster, K., Friedman, P. G., Martin, D. C., Morrissey, P., Neff, S. G., Schiminovich, D., Seibert, M., ... Welsh, B. Y. (2007). GALEX ultraviolet photometry of globular clusters in M31: Three-year results and a catalog. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, 173(2), 643-658. https://doi.org/10.1086/516649