Gender difference in the impact of coexisting diabetes mellitus on long-term clinical outcome in people with heart failure: a report from the Korean Heart Failure Registry

the KorHF Registry

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Abstract

Aim: Few data are available on the gender-related differences in the prognostic impact of diabetes in people with heart failure. This study was performed to investigate whether there is a gender difference in the association between diabetes and long-term clinical outcomes in people hospitalized for heart failure. Methods: A total of 3162 people hospitalized with heart failure (aged 67.4 ± 14.1 years, 50.4% females) from the data set of the nationwide registry were analysed. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause mortality and heart failure readmission. Results: People with diabetes (30.5% for males vs. 31.1% for females, P = 0.740) were older and had more unfavourable risk factors and laboratory findings than those without diabetes in both genders. During a median follow-up period of 549 days, there were 1418 cases of composite events (44.8%). In univariable analysis, the coexistence of diabetes was significantly associated with a higher incidence of composite events in both genders (P < 0.05 each for males and females). In multivariable analysis, the prognostic impact of diabetes on the development of composite events remained significant in females even after controlling for potential confounders (hazard ratio 1.43, 95% confidence intervals 1.12–1.84; P = 0.004). However, an independent association between diabetes and composite events was not seen in males in the same multivariable analysis (P > 0.05). Conclusions: In people with heart failure, the impact of diabetes on long-term mortality and heart failure readmission seems to be stronger in females than in males. More careful and intensive management is needed especially in females with heart failure and diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1312-1318
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Volume36
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 1

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Registries
Diabetes Mellitus
Heart Failure
Mortality
Incidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

@article{e79e75ac76e64282bbed562049c595a2,
title = "Gender difference in the impact of coexisting diabetes mellitus on long-term clinical outcome in people with heart failure: a report from the Korean Heart Failure Registry",
abstract = "Aim: Few data are available on the gender-related differences in the prognostic impact of diabetes in people with heart failure. This study was performed to investigate whether there is a gender difference in the association between diabetes and long-term clinical outcomes in people hospitalized for heart failure. Methods: A total of 3162 people hospitalized with heart failure (aged 67.4 ± 14.1 years, 50.4{\%} females) from the data set of the nationwide registry were analysed. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause mortality and heart failure readmission. Results: People with diabetes (30.5{\%} for males vs. 31.1{\%} for females, P = 0.740) were older and had more unfavourable risk factors and laboratory findings than those without diabetes in both genders. During a median follow-up period of 549 days, there were 1418 cases of composite events (44.8{\%}). In univariable analysis, the coexistence of diabetes was significantly associated with a higher incidence of composite events in both genders (P < 0.05 each for males and females). In multivariable analysis, the prognostic impact of diabetes on the development of composite events remained significant in females even after controlling for potential confounders (hazard ratio 1.43, 95{\%} confidence intervals 1.12–1.84; P = 0.004). However, an independent association between diabetes and composite events was not seen in males in the same multivariable analysis (P > 0.05). Conclusions: In people with heart failure, the impact of diabetes on long-term mortality and heart failure readmission seems to be stronger in females than in males. More careful and intensive management is needed especially in females with heart failure and diabetes.",
author = "{the KorHF Registry} and Kim, {H. L.} and Kim, {M. A.} and Park, {K. T.} and Choi, {D. J.} and S. Han and Jeon, {E. S.} and Cho, {M. C.} and Kim, {J. J.} and Yoo, {B. S.} and Shin, {M. S.} and Kang, {S. M.} and Chae, {S. C.} and Ryu, {K. H.}",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/dme.14059",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "1312--1318",
journal = "Diabetic Medicine",
issn = "0742-3071",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender difference in the impact of coexisting diabetes mellitus on long-term clinical outcome in people with heart failure

T2 - a report from the Korean Heart Failure Registry

AU - the KorHF Registry

AU - Kim, H. L.

AU - Kim, M. A.

AU - Park, K. T.

AU - Choi, D. J.

AU - Han, S.

AU - Jeon, E. S.

AU - Cho, M. C.

AU - Kim, J. J.

AU - Yoo, B. S.

AU - Shin, M. S.

AU - Kang, S. M.

AU - Chae, S. C.

AU - Ryu, K. H.

PY - 2019/10/1

Y1 - 2019/10/1

N2 - Aim: Few data are available on the gender-related differences in the prognostic impact of diabetes in people with heart failure. This study was performed to investigate whether there is a gender difference in the association between diabetes and long-term clinical outcomes in people hospitalized for heart failure. Methods: A total of 3162 people hospitalized with heart failure (aged 67.4 ± 14.1 years, 50.4% females) from the data set of the nationwide registry were analysed. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause mortality and heart failure readmission. Results: People with diabetes (30.5% for males vs. 31.1% for females, P = 0.740) were older and had more unfavourable risk factors and laboratory findings than those without diabetes in both genders. During a median follow-up period of 549 days, there were 1418 cases of composite events (44.8%). In univariable analysis, the coexistence of diabetes was significantly associated with a higher incidence of composite events in both genders (P < 0.05 each for males and females). In multivariable analysis, the prognostic impact of diabetes on the development of composite events remained significant in females even after controlling for potential confounders (hazard ratio 1.43, 95% confidence intervals 1.12–1.84; P = 0.004). However, an independent association between diabetes and composite events was not seen in males in the same multivariable analysis (P > 0.05). Conclusions: In people with heart failure, the impact of diabetes on long-term mortality and heart failure readmission seems to be stronger in females than in males. More careful and intensive management is needed especially in females with heart failure and diabetes.

AB - Aim: Few data are available on the gender-related differences in the prognostic impact of diabetes in people with heart failure. This study was performed to investigate whether there is a gender difference in the association between diabetes and long-term clinical outcomes in people hospitalized for heart failure. Methods: A total of 3162 people hospitalized with heart failure (aged 67.4 ± 14.1 years, 50.4% females) from the data set of the nationwide registry were analysed. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause mortality and heart failure readmission. Results: People with diabetes (30.5% for males vs. 31.1% for females, P = 0.740) were older and had more unfavourable risk factors and laboratory findings than those without diabetes in both genders. During a median follow-up period of 549 days, there were 1418 cases of composite events (44.8%). In univariable analysis, the coexistence of diabetes was significantly associated with a higher incidence of composite events in both genders (P < 0.05 each for males and females). In multivariable analysis, the prognostic impact of diabetes on the development of composite events remained significant in females even after controlling for potential confounders (hazard ratio 1.43, 95% confidence intervals 1.12–1.84; P = 0.004). However, an independent association between diabetes and composite events was not seen in males in the same multivariable analysis (P > 0.05). Conclusions: In people with heart failure, the impact of diabetes on long-term mortality and heart failure readmission seems to be stronger in females than in males. More careful and intensive management is needed especially in females with heart failure and diabetes.

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U2 - 10.1111/dme.14059

DO - 10.1111/dme.14059

M3 - Article

C2 - 31254366

AN - SCOPUS:85069846407

VL - 36

SP - 1312

EP - 1318

JO - Diabetic Medicine

JF - Diabetic Medicine

SN - 0742-3071

IS - 10

ER -