Gender differences in the trends and correlates of major depressive episodes among juvenile offenders in the United States

Katherine J. Holzer, Sehun Oh, Christopher P. Salas-Wright, Michael George Vaughn, Jacqueline Landess

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose Although it is well-established that juvenile offenders are at an elevated risk for depression and that, within this group, females have the highest risk, little is known regarding the trends in the prevalence of depression among juvenile offenders in the United States. In the present study, we systematically examine secular trends in major depressive episodes (MDE) and their correlates among male and female juvenile offenders and non-offenders in the United States. Methods Data were collected between 2005 and 2014 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). The NSDUH uses multistage area probability sampling methods to select a representative sample of the civilian, non-institutionalized population in the United States. Participants included 171,118 youth aged 12–17 (159,449 non-offenders and 11,669 offenders). The primary variable of interest was self-reported past year MDE. Logistic regression assessed whether sociodemographic factors and psychosocial and behavioral correlates affected the risk of MDE. Results Between 2005 and 2014, the prevalence of MDE among female youth increased for both offender and non-offender groups: from 24.4% to 33.0% for the offenders and from 12.4% to 16.7% for the non-offenders. No significant trend changes were observed among male youth. In both male and female juvenile offenders, MDEs were associated with increased risk of illicit drug use (males OR = 1.61, 95% CI = 1.18–2.18; females OR = 1.83, 95% CI = 1.45–2.31). Additional correlates include alcohol use among male offenders (OR = 1.36, 95% CI = 1.01–1.83), and binge drinking in female offenders (OR = 1.24, 95% CI = 1.02–1.49). Conclusions The prevalence of past year major depressive episodes is increasing for female juvenile offenders, highlighting a need for improved efforts to target these populations for prevention and treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-80
Number of pages9
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume80
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Depression
Binge Drinking
Health Services Needs and Demand
Health
Street Drugs
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Logistic Models
Alcohols
Psychology
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Holzer, Katherine J. ; Oh, Sehun ; Salas-Wright, Christopher P. ; Vaughn, Michael George ; Landess, Jacqueline. / Gender differences in the trends and correlates of major depressive episodes among juvenile offenders in the United States. In: Comprehensive Psychiatry. 2018 ; Vol. 80. pp. 72-80.
@article{7b0e5addc2f24682beb6b7785db822de,
title = "Gender differences in the trends and correlates of major depressive episodes among juvenile offenders in the United States",
abstract = "Purpose Although it is well-established that juvenile offenders are at an elevated risk for depression and that, within this group, females have the highest risk, little is known regarding the trends in the prevalence of depression among juvenile offenders in the United States. In the present study, we systematically examine secular trends in major depressive episodes (MDE) and their correlates among male and female juvenile offenders and non-offenders in the United States. Methods Data were collected between 2005 and 2014 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). The NSDUH uses multistage area probability sampling methods to select a representative sample of the civilian, non-institutionalized population in the United States. Participants included 171,118 youth aged 12–17 (159,449 non-offenders and 11,669 offenders). The primary variable of interest was self-reported past year MDE. Logistic regression assessed whether sociodemographic factors and psychosocial and behavioral correlates affected the risk of MDE. Results Between 2005 and 2014, the prevalence of MDE among female youth increased for both offender and non-offender groups: from 24.4{\%} to 33.0{\%} for the offenders and from 12.4{\%} to 16.7{\%} for the non-offenders. No significant trend changes were observed among male youth. In both male and female juvenile offenders, MDEs were associated with increased risk of illicit drug use (males OR = 1.61, 95{\%} CI = 1.18–2.18; females OR = 1.83, 95{\%} CI = 1.45–2.31). Additional correlates include alcohol use among male offenders (OR = 1.36, 95{\%} CI = 1.01–1.83), and binge drinking in female offenders (OR = 1.24, 95{\%} CI = 1.02–1.49). Conclusions The prevalence of past year major depressive episodes is increasing for female juvenile offenders, highlighting a need for improved efforts to target these populations for prevention and treatment.",
author = "Holzer, {Katherine J.} and Sehun Oh and Salas-Wright, {Christopher P.} and Vaughn, {Michael George} and Jacqueline Landess",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.comppsych.2017.09.005",
language = "English",
volume = "80",
pages = "72--80",
journal = "Comprehensive Psychiatry",
issn = "0010-440X",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",

}

Gender differences in the trends and correlates of major depressive episodes among juvenile offenders in the United States. / Holzer, Katherine J.; Oh, Sehun; Salas-Wright, Christopher P.; Vaughn, Michael George; Landess, Jacqueline.

In: Comprehensive Psychiatry, Vol. 80, 01.01.2018, p. 72-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender differences in the trends and correlates of major depressive episodes among juvenile offenders in the United States

AU - Holzer, Katherine J.

AU - Oh, Sehun

AU - Salas-Wright, Christopher P.

AU - Vaughn, Michael George

AU - Landess, Jacqueline

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Purpose Although it is well-established that juvenile offenders are at an elevated risk for depression and that, within this group, females have the highest risk, little is known regarding the trends in the prevalence of depression among juvenile offenders in the United States. In the present study, we systematically examine secular trends in major depressive episodes (MDE) and their correlates among male and female juvenile offenders and non-offenders in the United States. Methods Data were collected between 2005 and 2014 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). The NSDUH uses multistage area probability sampling methods to select a representative sample of the civilian, non-institutionalized population in the United States. Participants included 171,118 youth aged 12–17 (159,449 non-offenders and 11,669 offenders). The primary variable of interest was self-reported past year MDE. Logistic regression assessed whether sociodemographic factors and psychosocial and behavioral correlates affected the risk of MDE. Results Between 2005 and 2014, the prevalence of MDE among female youth increased for both offender and non-offender groups: from 24.4% to 33.0% for the offenders and from 12.4% to 16.7% for the non-offenders. No significant trend changes were observed among male youth. In both male and female juvenile offenders, MDEs were associated with increased risk of illicit drug use (males OR = 1.61, 95% CI = 1.18–2.18; females OR = 1.83, 95% CI = 1.45–2.31). Additional correlates include alcohol use among male offenders (OR = 1.36, 95% CI = 1.01–1.83), and binge drinking in female offenders (OR = 1.24, 95% CI = 1.02–1.49). Conclusions The prevalence of past year major depressive episodes is increasing for female juvenile offenders, highlighting a need for improved efforts to target these populations for prevention and treatment.

AB - Purpose Although it is well-established that juvenile offenders are at an elevated risk for depression and that, within this group, females have the highest risk, little is known regarding the trends in the prevalence of depression among juvenile offenders in the United States. In the present study, we systematically examine secular trends in major depressive episodes (MDE) and their correlates among male and female juvenile offenders and non-offenders in the United States. Methods Data were collected between 2005 and 2014 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). The NSDUH uses multistage area probability sampling methods to select a representative sample of the civilian, non-institutionalized population in the United States. Participants included 171,118 youth aged 12–17 (159,449 non-offenders and 11,669 offenders). The primary variable of interest was self-reported past year MDE. Logistic regression assessed whether sociodemographic factors and psychosocial and behavioral correlates affected the risk of MDE. Results Between 2005 and 2014, the prevalence of MDE among female youth increased for both offender and non-offender groups: from 24.4% to 33.0% for the offenders and from 12.4% to 16.7% for the non-offenders. No significant trend changes were observed among male youth. In both male and female juvenile offenders, MDEs were associated with increased risk of illicit drug use (males OR = 1.61, 95% CI = 1.18–2.18; females OR = 1.83, 95% CI = 1.45–2.31). Additional correlates include alcohol use among male offenders (OR = 1.36, 95% CI = 1.01–1.83), and binge drinking in female offenders (OR = 1.24, 95% CI = 1.02–1.49). Conclusions The prevalence of past year major depressive episodes is increasing for female juvenile offenders, highlighting a need for improved efforts to target these populations for prevention and treatment.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85031824635&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85031824635&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.comppsych.2017.09.005

DO - 10.1016/j.comppsych.2017.09.005

M3 - Article

C2 - 29065310

AN - SCOPUS:85031824635

VL - 80

SP - 72

EP - 80

JO - Comprehensive Psychiatry

JF - Comprehensive Psychiatry

SN - 0010-440X

ER -