Gender-specific effect of urate on white matter integrity in Parkinson's disease

Yang Hyun Lee, Seok Jong Chung, Han Soo Yoo, Yoonju Lee, Young H. Sohn, Jungho Cha, Phil Hyu Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the potential protective influence of serum uric acid (UA) level on white matter (WM) microstructural changes in de novo Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods: We enrolled a total of 184 patients with drug-naïve de novo PD and 59 age and gender-matched controls that underwent diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Based on the distribution, serum UA levels were stratified into tertiles in PD patients by gender. Using tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) analysis, fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), axial diffusivity (AD), and radial diffusivity (RD) were used to compare WM integrity between the groups. Results: Interaction analysis showed that interaction effect on FA values between gender and UA levels in PD was significant in widespread WM areas, including frontal-parieto-temporal, corpus callosum, bilateral internal and external capsule, and thalamic regions. Multiple regression analysis revealed that FA values had a significantly positive correlation with UA levels across widespread WM areas in male patients. However, there was no significant correlation between DTI measures and UA levels in female patients. In a group comparison in male patients, PD with the lowest UA level (PD-L-UA) group showed significantly lower FA and higher MD and RD values in frontal-parieto-temporal WM regions than PD with the highest UA level (PD-H-UA) group. However, female patients did not show significant difference of DTI measures between PD-L-UA and PD-H-UA groups. Conclusions: The present study demonstrated that the serum UA levels may have the potentially gender-specific close relationship with WM integrity in the early stage of PD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-47
Number of pages7
JournalParkinsonism and Related Disorders
Volume75
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Clinical Neurology

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