The aim of present study was to identify the visceral adipose tissue genes differentially expressed in a well-characterized rat model of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either the HFD (17 g lard + 3 g corn oil/100 g) or the normal diet (5 g corn oil/100 g) for 9 weeks. The HFD rats weighed 55% more and accumulated 85% to 133% greater visceral fats than did the normal-diet rats (P < .05). Animals given the HFD for 9 weeks acquired dyslipidemia, fatty liver, insulin resistance, and hyperleptinemia along with the overexpression of several obesity-related genes, such as leptin, tumor necrosis factor α, resistin, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ2, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α, and sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c, in the epididymal adipose tissue. The differential gene expression profile obtained from the cDNA microarray analysis followed by the real-time polymerase chain reaction confirmation led to a recruitment of several uncharacterized adipose tissue genes responding to the HFD. We report herein, for the first time, that a series of genes which might be implicated in the insulin-stimulated glucose transporter 4 translocation, such as protein phosphatase 2 (formerly 2A), cell division cycle 42-interacting protein 4, syntaxin 6, linker of T-cell receptor pathways 10, as well as the genes which might be involved in cancer development, such as heat shock 10-kd protein 1, and ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1, were differentially expressed in the epididymal adipose tissue of rats rendered obese by an HFD.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Project of Bio-Food Research (No. M10510130001-06N1013-00110) from the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) under the Ministry of Science and Technology in Korea, and by the Brain Korea 21 Project, Yonsei University.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics