Genetic polymorphism in the pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A associated with acute myocardial infarction

Sungha Park, Jong Chan Youn, Dong Jik Shin, Chan Mi Park, Jung Sun Kim, Young Guk Ko, Donghoon Choi, Jong Won Ha, Yangsoo Jang, Namsik Chung

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31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) is a high-molecular-weight, zinc-binding matrix metalloproteinase that is known to be abundantly expressed in ruptured plaques. Previous studies have shown PAPP-A to be a significant marker of plaque instability and cardiovascular events in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Because the activity of PAPP-A may be modulated by genetic variants in the PAPP-A genes, we tried to determine the association of PAPP-A gene with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: We analyzed four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of PAPP-A gene variants and seven other polymorphisms of cytokine genes that have been reported to have functional significance (RANTES G-403A, MCP1 G-2518A, CRP A2147G, CRP G-717A, AGER G557A, LTA T26A, IL-6 G-572C) for possible association with AMI in 170 unrelated AMI patients and unrelated age-matched controls, respectively. RESULTS: The average age of the study population was 62.2±11.4 years in AMI patients and 62.6±10.4 years in healthy controls. Multiple logistic regression analysis with risk factors such as age, male sex, smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia revealed the PAPP-A IVS6+95 C allele to be associated with an increased risk of AMI (dominancy: odds ratio, 2.13; 95% confidence interval, 1.12-4.07; P=0.022; codominancy: odds ratio, 1.89; 95% confidence interval, 1.14-3.16; P=0.015). CONCLUSIONS: We found, for the first time, that PAPP-A IVS6+95 C allele is an independent risk factor for AMI even after adjustment for traditional risk factors. The determination of such genotype contributing to AMI could provide a new tool for identifying high-risk individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-422
Number of pages6
JournalCoronary artery disease
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Sep 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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