Genetic variation at the perilipin locus is associated with changes in serum free fatty acids and abdominal fat following mild weight loss

Y. Jang, O. Y. Kim, J. H. Lee, S. J. Koh, J. S. Chae, J. Y. Kim, S. Park, H. Cho, J. E. Lee, J. M. Ordovas

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Abstract

Objective: Perilipin (PLIN) is a class of protein-coating lipid droplets in adipocytes. We aimed to examine the association between common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at PLIN locus with circulating free fatty acid (FFA) and abdominal fat distribution in response to weight loss. Methods: Non-diabetic/overweight-obese Koreans (n=177) participated in a 12-week calorie restriction (-300kcal/day) program. Seven SNPs (6209T>C, 10076C>G, 10171A>T, 11482G>A, 13042A>G, 13048C>T and 14995A>T), abdominal fat areas (visceral/subcutaneous fat areas at 1st lumbar and 4th lumbar levels), serum lipids, glucose, insulin, FFA, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and urinary 8-epi-prostaglandin F (PGF) were examined. Results: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms 10076C>G/10171A>T showed the strongest positive linkage disequilibrium (LD) (D′ = 0.923, R2 = 0.839, P<0.001) and SNPs11482G>A/14995A>T showed moderate positive LD (D′ = 0.824, R2 = 0.578, P<0.001). Calorie restriction induced 4.6% weight loss with significant abdominal fat reduction. In response to weight loss, subjects with nCA/nCA haplotypes at SNPs 10076C>G/10171A>T showed greater reduction in FFA levels than those with CA/CA haplotype (CA/CA: C/C at SNP 10076 and A/A at SNP 10171, nCA: non-CA haplotype carrier). On the other hand, subjects with nGA/nGA haplotype at SNPs 11482G>A/14995A>T had increased FFA levels with a rapid loss in abdominal fat, whereas GA/GA haplotype carriers had reduction in FFA levels. These results still remained significant after adjusting for age, gender and BMI. Prostaglandin F and oxidized LDL were also more reduced in GA/GA haplotype carriers than in nGA haplotype carriers. This effect remained significant after adjusting for baseline level, age, gender and BMI. Paradoxically, nGA haplotype carriers had increased levels of urinary PGF after weight reduction. Conclusion: Fasting plasma FFA changes following a modest weight loss in overweight-obese subjects are influenced by the genetic variability at the PLIN locus. Furthermore, circulating FFA changes rather than body fat itself may determine changes in lipid peroxides such as urinary PGF and oxidized LDL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1601-1608
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume30
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Oct 25

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Abdominal Fat
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Haplotypes
Weight Loss
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Dinoprost
Serum
Linkage Disequilibrium
Intra-Abdominal Fat
Lipid Peroxides
Subcutaneous Fat
Prostaglandins F
Perilipin-1
Adipocytes
Adipose Tissue
Fasting
Insulin
Lipids
Glucose

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Jang, Y. ; Kim, O. Y. ; Lee, J. H. ; Koh, S. J. ; Chae, J. S. ; Kim, J. Y. ; Park, S. ; Cho, H. ; Lee, J. E. ; Ordovas, J. M. / Genetic variation at the perilipin locus is associated with changes in serum free fatty acids and abdominal fat following mild weight loss. In: International Journal of Obesity. 2006 ; Vol. 30, No. 11. pp. 1601-1608.
@article{2e980368c44843538994d38d8ae89d78,
title = "Genetic variation at the perilipin locus is associated with changes in serum free fatty acids and abdominal fat following mild weight loss",
abstract = "Objective: Perilipin (PLIN) is a class of protein-coating lipid droplets in adipocytes. We aimed to examine the association between common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at PLIN locus with circulating free fatty acid (FFA) and abdominal fat distribution in response to weight loss. Methods: Non-diabetic/overweight-obese Koreans (n=177) participated in a 12-week calorie restriction (-300kcal/day) program. Seven SNPs (6209T>C, 10076C>G, 10171A>T, 11482G>A, 13042A>G, 13048C>T and 14995A>T), abdominal fat areas (visceral/subcutaneous fat areas at 1st lumbar and 4th lumbar levels), serum lipids, glucose, insulin, FFA, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and urinary 8-epi-prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) were examined. Results: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms 10076C>G/10171A>T showed the strongest positive linkage disequilibrium (LD) (D′ = 0.923, R2 = 0.839, P<0.001) and SNPs11482G>A/14995A>T showed moderate positive LD (D′ = 0.824, R2 = 0.578, P<0.001). Calorie restriction induced 4.6{\%} weight loss with significant abdominal fat reduction. In response to weight loss, subjects with nCA/nCA haplotypes at SNPs 10076C>G/10171A>T showed greater reduction in FFA levels than those with CA/CA haplotype (CA/CA: C/C at SNP 10076 and A/A at SNP 10171, nCA: non-CA haplotype carrier). On the other hand, subjects with nGA/nGA haplotype at SNPs 11482G>A/14995A>T had increased FFA levels with a rapid loss in abdominal fat, whereas GA/GA haplotype carriers had reduction in FFA levels. These results still remained significant after adjusting for age, gender and BMI. Prostaglandin F2α and oxidized LDL were also more reduced in GA/GA haplotype carriers than in nGA haplotype carriers. This effect remained significant after adjusting for baseline level, age, gender and BMI. Paradoxically, nGA haplotype carriers had increased levels of urinary PGF 2α after weight reduction. Conclusion: Fasting plasma FFA changes following a modest weight loss in overweight-obese subjects are influenced by the genetic variability at the PLIN locus. Furthermore, circulating FFA changes rather than body fat itself may determine changes in lipid peroxides such as urinary PGF2α and oxidized LDL.",
author = "Y. Jang and Kim, {O. Y.} and Lee, {J. H.} and Koh, {S. J.} and Chae, {J. S.} and Kim, {J. Y.} and S. Park and H. Cho and Lee, {J. E.} and Ordovas, {J. M.}",
year = "2006",
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doi = "10.1038/sj.ijo.0803312",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "1601--1608",
journal = "International Journal of Obesity",
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Genetic variation at the perilipin locus is associated with changes in serum free fatty acids and abdominal fat following mild weight loss. / Jang, Y.; Kim, O. Y.; Lee, J. H.; Koh, S. J.; Chae, J. S.; Kim, J. Y.; Park, S.; Cho, H.; Lee, J. E.; Ordovas, J. M.

In: International Journal of Obesity, Vol. 30, No. 11, 25.10.2006, p. 1601-1608.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Genetic variation at the perilipin locus is associated with changes in serum free fatty acids and abdominal fat following mild weight loss

AU - Jang, Y.

AU - Kim, O. Y.

AU - Lee, J. H.

AU - Koh, S. J.

AU - Chae, J. S.

AU - Kim, J. Y.

AU - Park, S.

AU - Cho, H.

AU - Lee, J. E.

AU - Ordovas, J. M.

PY - 2006/10/25

Y1 - 2006/10/25

N2 - Objective: Perilipin (PLIN) is a class of protein-coating lipid droplets in adipocytes. We aimed to examine the association between common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at PLIN locus with circulating free fatty acid (FFA) and abdominal fat distribution in response to weight loss. Methods: Non-diabetic/overweight-obese Koreans (n=177) participated in a 12-week calorie restriction (-300kcal/day) program. Seven SNPs (6209T>C, 10076C>G, 10171A>T, 11482G>A, 13042A>G, 13048C>T and 14995A>T), abdominal fat areas (visceral/subcutaneous fat areas at 1st lumbar and 4th lumbar levels), serum lipids, glucose, insulin, FFA, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and urinary 8-epi-prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) were examined. Results: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms 10076C>G/10171A>T showed the strongest positive linkage disequilibrium (LD) (D′ = 0.923, R2 = 0.839, P<0.001) and SNPs11482G>A/14995A>T showed moderate positive LD (D′ = 0.824, R2 = 0.578, P<0.001). Calorie restriction induced 4.6% weight loss with significant abdominal fat reduction. In response to weight loss, subjects with nCA/nCA haplotypes at SNPs 10076C>G/10171A>T showed greater reduction in FFA levels than those with CA/CA haplotype (CA/CA: C/C at SNP 10076 and A/A at SNP 10171, nCA: non-CA haplotype carrier). On the other hand, subjects with nGA/nGA haplotype at SNPs 11482G>A/14995A>T had increased FFA levels with a rapid loss in abdominal fat, whereas GA/GA haplotype carriers had reduction in FFA levels. These results still remained significant after adjusting for age, gender and BMI. Prostaglandin F2α and oxidized LDL were also more reduced in GA/GA haplotype carriers than in nGA haplotype carriers. This effect remained significant after adjusting for baseline level, age, gender and BMI. Paradoxically, nGA haplotype carriers had increased levels of urinary PGF 2α after weight reduction. Conclusion: Fasting plasma FFA changes following a modest weight loss in overweight-obese subjects are influenced by the genetic variability at the PLIN locus. Furthermore, circulating FFA changes rather than body fat itself may determine changes in lipid peroxides such as urinary PGF2α and oxidized LDL.

AB - Objective: Perilipin (PLIN) is a class of protein-coating lipid droplets in adipocytes. We aimed to examine the association between common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at PLIN locus with circulating free fatty acid (FFA) and abdominal fat distribution in response to weight loss. Methods: Non-diabetic/overweight-obese Koreans (n=177) participated in a 12-week calorie restriction (-300kcal/day) program. Seven SNPs (6209T>C, 10076C>G, 10171A>T, 11482G>A, 13042A>G, 13048C>T and 14995A>T), abdominal fat areas (visceral/subcutaneous fat areas at 1st lumbar and 4th lumbar levels), serum lipids, glucose, insulin, FFA, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and urinary 8-epi-prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) were examined. Results: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms 10076C>G/10171A>T showed the strongest positive linkage disequilibrium (LD) (D′ = 0.923, R2 = 0.839, P<0.001) and SNPs11482G>A/14995A>T showed moderate positive LD (D′ = 0.824, R2 = 0.578, P<0.001). Calorie restriction induced 4.6% weight loss with significant abdominal fat reduction. In response to weight loss, subjects with nCA/nCA haplotypes at SNPs 10076C>G/10171A>T showed greater reduction in FFA levels than those with CA/CA haplotype (CA/CA: C/C at SNP 10076 and A/A at SNP 10171, nCA: non-CA haplotype carrier). On the other hand, subjects with nGA/nGA haplotype at SNPs 11482G>A/14995A>T had increased FFA levels with a rapid loss in abdominal fat, whereas GA/GA haplotype carriers had reduction in FFA levels. These results still remained significant after adjusting for age, gender and BMI. Prostaglandin F2α and oxidized LDL were also more reduced in GA/GA haplotype carriers than in nGA haplotype carriers. This effect remained significant after adjusting for baseline level, age, gender and BMI. Paradoxically, nGA haplotype carriers had increased levels of urinary PGF 2α after weight reduction. Conclusion: Fasting plasma FFA changes following a modest weight loss in overweight-obese subjects are influenced by the genetic variability at the PLIN locus. Furthermore, circulating FFA changes rather than body fat itself may determine changes in lipid peroxides such as urinary PGF2α and oxidized LDL.

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