GenoType NTM-DR Performance Evaluation for Identification of Mycobacterium avium Complex and Mycobacterium abscessus and Determination of Clarithromycin and Amikacin Resistance

Hee Jae Huh, Su Young Kim, Hyang Jin Shim, Dae Hun Kim, In Young Yoo, On Kyun Kang, Chang Seok Ki, So Youn Shin, Byung Woo Jhun, Sung Jae Shin, Charles L. Daley, Won Jung Koh, Nam Yong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We evaluated the GenoType NTM-DR (NTM-DR) line probe assay for identifying Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) species and Mycobacterium abscessus subspecies and for determining clarithromycin and amikacin resistance. Thirty-eight reference strains and 145 clinical isolates (58 MAC and 87 M. abscessus isolates), including 54 clarithromycin- and/or amikacin-resistant strains, were involved. The performance of the NTM-DR assay in rapid identification was evaluated by comparison with results of multigene sequence-based typing, whereas performance in rapid detection of clarithromycin and amikacin resistance was evaluated by comparison with sequencing of the erm(41), rrl, and rrs genes and drug susceptibility testing (DST). The accuracies of MAC and M. abscessus (sub)species identification were 92.1% (35/38) and 100% (145/145) for the 38 reference strains and 145 clinical isolates, respectively. Three MAC strains other than M. intracellulare were found to cross-react with the M. intracellulare probe in the assay. Regarding clarithromycin resistance, NTM-DR detected rrl mutations in 52 isolates and yielded 99.3% (144/145) and 98.6% (143/145) concordant results with sequencing and DST, respectively. NTM-DR sensitivity and specificity in the detection of clarithromycin resistance were 96.3% (52/54) and 100% (91/91), respectively. The NTM-DR yielded accurate erm(41) genotype results for all 87 M. abscessus isolates. Regarding amikacin resistance, NTM-DR detected rrs mutations in five isolates and yielded 99.3% (144/145) and 97.9% (142/ 145) concordant results with sequencing and DST, respectively. Our results indicate that the NTM-DR assay is a straightforward and accurate approach for discriminating MAC and M. abscessus (sub)species and for detecting clarithromycin and amikacin resistance mutations and that it is a useful tool in the clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00516-19
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Volume57
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Mycobacterium avium Complex
Clarithromycin
Amikacin
Mycobacterium
Genotype
Mutation
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Sensitivity and Specificity
Genes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Huh, Hee Jae ; Kim, Su Young ; Shim, Hyang Jin ; Kim, Dae Hun ; Yoo, In Young ; Kang, On Kyun ; Ki, Chang Seok ; Shin, So Youn ; Jhun, Byung Woo ; Shin, Sung Jae ; Daley, Charles L. ; Koh, Won Jung ; Yong Lee, Nam. / GenoType NTM-DR Performance Evaluation for Identification of Mycobacterium avium Complex and Mycobacterium abscessus and Determination of Clarithromycin and Amikacin Resistance. In: Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 2019 ; Vol. 57, No. 8.
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abstract = "We evaluated the GenoType NTM-DR (NTM-DR) line probe assay for identifying Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) species and Mycobacterium abscessus subspecies and for determining clarithromycin and amikacin resistance. Thirty-eight reference strains and 145 clinical isolates (58 MAC and 87 M. abscessus isolates), including 54 clarithromycin- and/or amikacin-resistant strains, were involved. The performance of the NTM-DR assay in rapid identification was evaluated by comparison with results of multigene sequence-based typing, whereas performance in rapid detection of clarithromycin and amikacin resistance was evaluated by comparison with sequencing of the erm(41), rrl, and rrs genes and drug susceptibility testing (DST). The accuracies of MAC and M. abscessus (sub)species identification were 92.1{\%} (35/38) and 100{\%} (145/145) for the 38 reference strains and 145 clinical isolates, respectively. Three MAC strains other than M. intracellulare were found to cross-react with the M. intracellulare probe in the assay. Regarding clarithromycin resistance, NTM-DR detected rrl mutations in 52 isolates and yielded 99.3{\%} (144/145) and 98.6{\%} (143/145) concordant results with sequencing and DST, respectively. NTM-DR sensitivity and specificity in the detection of clarithromycin resistance were 96.3{\%} (52/54) and 100{\%} (91/91), respectively. The NTM-DR yielded accurate erm(41) genotype results for all 87 M. abscessus isolates. Regarding amikacin resistance, NTM-DR detected rrs mutations in five isolates and yielded 99.3{\%} (144/145) and 97.9{\%} (142/ 145) concordant results with sequencing and DST, respectively. Our results indicate that the NTM-DR assay is a straightforward and accurate approach for discriminating MAC and M. abscessus (sub)species and for detecting clarithromycin and amikacin resistance mutations and that it is a useful tool in the clinical setting.",
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GenoType NTM-DR Performance Evaluation for Identification of Mycobacterium avium Complex and Mycobacterium abscessus and Determination of Clarithromycin and Amikacin Resistance. / Huh, Hee Jae; Kim, Su Young; Shim, Hyang Jin; Kim, Dae Hun; Yoo, In Young; Kang, On Kyun; Ki, Chang Seok; Shin, So Youn; Jhun, Byung Woo; Shin, Sung Jae; Daley, Charles L.; Koh, Won Jung; Yong Lee, Nam.

In: Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Vol. 57, No. 8, e00516-19, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - GenoType NTM-DR Performance Evaluation for Identification of Mycobacterium avium Complex and Mycobacterium abscessus and Determination of Clarithromycin and Amikacin Resistance

AU - Huh, Hee Jae

AU - Kim, Su Young

AU - Shim, Hyang Jin

AU - Kim, Dae Hun

AU - Yoo, In Young

AU - Kang, On Kyun

AU - Ki, Chang Seok

AU - Shin, So Youn

AU - Jhun, Byung Woo

AU - Shin, Sung Jae

AU - Daley, Charles L.

AU - Koh, Won Jung

AU - Yong Lee, Nam

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - We evaluated the GenoType NTM-DR (NTM-DR) line probe assay for identifying Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) species and Mycobacterium abscessus subspecies and for determining clarithromycin and amikacin resistance. Thirty-eight reference strains and 145 clinical isolates (58 MAC and 87 M. abscessus isolates), including 54 clarithromycin- and/or amikacin-resistant strains, were involved. The performance of the NTM-DR assay in rapid identification was evaluated by comparison with results of multigene sequence-based typing, whereas performance in rapid detection of clarithromycin and amikacin resistance was evaluated by comparison with sequencing of the erm(41), rrl, and rrs genes and drug susceptibility testing (DST). The accuracies of MAC and M. abscessus (sub)species identification were 92.1% (35/38) and 100% (145/145) for the 38 reference strains and 145 clinical isolates, respectively. Three MAC strains other than M. intracellulare were found to cross-react with the M. intracellulare probe in the assay. Regarding clarithromycin resistance, NTM-DR detected rrl mutations in 52 isolates and yielded 99.3% (144/145) and 98.6% (143/145) concordant results with sequencing and DST, respectively. NTM-DR sensitivity and specificity in the detection of clarithromycin resistance were 96.3% (52/54) and 100% (91/91), respectively. The NTM-DR yielded accurate erm(41) genotype results for all 87 M. abscessus isolates. Regarding amikacin resistance, NTM-DR detected rrs mutations in five isolates and yielded 99.3% (144/145) and 97.9% (142/ 145) concordant results with sequencing and DST, respectively. Our results indicate that the NTM-DR assay is a straightforward and accurate approach for discriminating MAC and M. abscessus (sub)species and for detecting clarithromycin and amikacin resistance mutations and that it is a useful tool in the clinical setting.

AB - We evaluated the GenoType NTM-DR (NTM-DR) line probe assay for identifying Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) species and Mycobacterium abscessus subspecies and for determining clarithromycin and amikacin resistance. Thirty-eight reference strains and 145 clinical isolates (58 MAC and 87 M. abscessus isolates), including 54 clarithromycin- and/or amikacin-resistant strains, were involved. The performance of the NTM-DR assay in rapid identification was evaluated by comparison with results of multigene sequence-based typing, whereas performance in rapid detection of clarithromycin and amikacin resistance was evaluated by comparison with sequencing of the erm(41), rrl, and rrs genes and drug susceptibility testing (DST). The accuracies of MAC and M. abscessus (sub)species identification were 92.1% (35/38) and 100% (145/145) for the 38 reference strains and 145 clinical isolates, respectively. Three MAC strains other than M. intracellulare were found to cross-react with the M. intracellulare probe in the assay. Regarding clarithromycin resistance, NTM-DR detected rrl mutations in 52 isolates and yielded 99.3% (144/145) and 98.6% (143/145) concordant results with sequencing and DST, respectively. NTM-DR sensitivity and specificity in the detection of clarithromycin resistance were 96.3% (52/54) and 100% (91/91), respectively. The NTM-DR yielded accurate erm(41) genotype results for all 87 M. abscessus isolates. Regarding amikacin resistance, NTM-DR detected rrs mutations in five isolates and yielded 99.3% (144/145) and 97.9% (142/ 145) concordant results with sequencing and DST, respectively. Our results indicate that the NTM-DR assay is a straightforward and accurate approach for discriminating MAC and M. abscessus (sub)species and for detecting clarithromycin and amikacin resistance mutations and that it is a useful tool in the clinical setting.

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