We propose a two-dimensional crystal that possesses low indirect band gaps of 0.55 eV (monolayer) and 0.43 eV (bilayer) and high carrier mobilities similar to those of phosphorene, GeP3. GeP3 has a stable three-dimensional layered bulk counterpart, which is metallic and known from experiment since 1970. GeP3 monolayer has a calculated cleavage energy of 1.14 J m-2, which suggests exfoliation of bulk material as viable means for the preparation of mono- and few-layer materials. The material shows strong interlayer quantum confinement effects, resulting in a band gap reduction from mono- to bilayer, and then to a semiconductor-metal transition between bi- and triple layer. Under biaxial strain, the indirect band gap can be turned into a direct one. Pronounced light absorption in the spectral range from ∼600 to 1400 nm is predicted for monolayer and bilayer and promises applications in photovoltaics.
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© 2017 American Chemical Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering